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food casino by ashwinis A total of source valid questionnaires were collected from customers who had consumed healthy menu items at casual dining restaurants.
The results indicated that health value was the key element that inspired customer interest in healthy eating and aroused hedonic and positive outcome expectations, which in turn enhanced intentions to purchase healthy food items.
Restaurant managers are advised to establish creative marketing strategies to motivate customer interest in healthy menu items and emphasize benefits of their healthy food items.
Future studies can extend the scope of research by examining differences in geographical areas or demographic profiles.
source to the previous studies, in the kickapoo lucky eagle casino expansion study we explore the theory of planned behavior and value-attitude-behavior hierarchy in the context of green product by discussing the influence of values on the buying attitude and green product purchase behavior.
This study applies the theory of planned behavior and value—attitude—behavior hierarchy model to examine the influence of green product consumption click at this page on the green product buying attitude and green product purchase behavior.
Additionally, unlike the previous studies, the current study explores the moderating effects of the role of government and media exposure in the relationships.
Data was collected by an online survey from 238 green product consumers in China.
Structural equation modeling was applied for testing the hypothesized relationships.
The results of the study have indicated that ecological value and economical value have not significantly influenced the green product buying attitude.
In contrast, the health and safety values of green product have positively influenced the green product buying attitude.
Moreover, the buying attitude of consumers has a significant positive effect on green product purchase behavior.
Furthermore, the results showed that the role of government and media exposure have significantly moderated the relationship between safety value and buying attitude of green product.
Social network is one of the pivotal media in spreading an Internet meme.
Marketers utilize Internet memes to carry out marketing activities to significantly improve their Internet exposure.
We thus verify whether consumers generate purchase intention after being attracted to an Internet meme, as no such research prevails.
We employ the value—attitude—behavior model as its theoretical core and discuss how the values formed by consumers under the impact of an Internet meme influence their purchasing behaviors through their attitudes.
The participants of the study are Internet users who are habitual to checking Facebook.
We adopted convenience sampling and developed 380 valid questionnaires.
The research results reveal that utilitarian and hedonic values influence monte carlo casino on Purchase Intention through utilitarian and hedonic attitudes.
In light of the aforementioned findings, it is suggested that marketers and relevant participants focus on the hedonic value brought by an Internet meme and design fun and witty Internet memes to attract consumers.
In total, five questions were established.
In total, three questions were proposed for asking about the willingness to revisit or to recommend others to go to landscape restaurants.
This paper extended the theory of planning behavior ETPB to examine the antecedents of consumer behavioral intention in order to explore the sustainable factors of a landscape restaurant.
Following theory of planned behavior TPB and the related literature for landscape visit web page and preference, we initially developed a preliminary list of items, and after the expert review and pre-test, we employed a 33-item measure under a five-factor structure and collected a total of 395 valid questionnaires.
Thus, ETPB helps contribute to the decision-making model of landscape restaurants.
Lastly, we discuss managerial implications and future research directions.
While women want to eat local food due to "interpersonal relationship," men are looking for "cultural experience" Kim et al.
On the other hand, women tend to be more health conscious Kang et al.
In summary, there are differences between men and women in terms of needs, motivation, personality and consumption behavior which affect travel decision making and experience.
Data were collected from both members of the couple during their vacation.
Due to missing data and normality issues 5 couples and 30 individuals were eliminated.
The remaining data were analyzed with SPSS 21 and EQS 6.
Findings: The study results indicated that while women have a more negative attitude than men toward oysters, their intention to eat oysters during vacation is not different from their partner.
By detecting the interdependency of responses of individuals within a couple, this study revealed that a ML approach is a more powerful way to understand the decision-making process of couples.
Additionally the difference in the results of single- and ML models showed that the latter approach lowers the chance of Type 2 error and provides more accurate results.
Furthermore by collecting data from both members of the group during their vacation, this study has distinguished itself from previous studies.
The awareness created by information from health authorities and media on food safety has also generated more informed and educated consumers Mohamed et al.
Therefore, most consumers these days pay attention to healthy eating by focusing on food share robert de niro casino car that with a lower risk of illness, even if they need to pay more Kang et al.
Findings — Whereas protein-rich foods take smaller proportion, vegetables and cereals take more than half of the household food budget.
Poor households spend greater proportion of income on food relative to wealthier households, although absolute amounts spent on food takes the opposite direction.
Food safety consciousness and income groupings significantly influence vegetable expenditure at various quantiles.
Expenditure of food safety conscious and high-income consumers are positioned on higher quantiles.
To contribute to a better understanding of consumer food leftovers and to facilitate their reduction in out-of-home settings, our study analyzes the effects of two common intervention strategies for reducing leftovers in a holistic behavioral model.
Based on a quasi-experimental baseline-intervention design, we analyzed how the display of information posters and the reduction of portion sizes take an https://bannerven.com/casino/casinos-in-iowa-city.html on personal, social and environmental determinants in a structural equation model.
Applying data from online surveys and observations among 880 guests 503 baseline, 377 intervention during two weeks in a university canteen, the suggested model allows to assign effects from the two interventions on plate leftovers to specific changes in behavioral determinants.
Portion size reductions for target dishes are found to relate to lower levels of plate waste based on conscious perception, represented in smaller portion size ratings.
Effects from seeing information posters are found to base on changed personal attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control.
However, depending on how an individual food casino by ashwinis to the information by only making an effort to finish all food or by making an effort and additionally choosing a different dish in the canteen there are opposite effects on these determinants and consequently also on plate leftovers.
Overall, the differentiated results on intervention effects strongly support the benefits of more holistic and in-depth analyses of interventions to reduce plate leftovers and therefore to contribute to more sustainable food consumption in out-of-home settings.
Dicha promoción estuvo relacionada con la información brindada en los puntos de venta, con estrategias de mercadeo y con compañas masivas con restaurantes.
Del lado de otras acciones lideradas por los restaurantes, un número menor de publicaciones hizo referencia a iniciativas masivas en estos establecimientos.
Así mismo, la intervención en medios de pago 19precios más bajos para alimentos saludables 22 y otros mecanismos de promoción 18,21-23 -combos, promociones, información personalizada -fueron mencionados como medios para persuadir a los consumidores de elecciones más sanas.
Resumen Las características de la oferta de alimentos son un determinante del consumo, y por ende de la salud de la población.
Este trabajo buscó establecer los temas destacados en la literatura científica reciente sobre oferta de restaurantes y alimentación saludable.
Se revisó sistemáticamente la investigación adelantada en estos escenarios y publicada desde 2011 hasta 2016 en siete reconocidas bases de datos.
De 999 títulos fueron escogidos 20 artículos.
Se realizó análisis de contenido de la información obtenida, usando Nvivo 10.
Se identificaron tres temas a saber: Modificaciones en la oferta de alimentación, fomento de elecciones saludables y barreras para promover alimentación saludable.
Los hallazgos descritos dan cuenta de las oportunidades de investigación en el área, particularmente en el contexto Latinoamericano, y de la necesidad de intervenciones que redunden en ambientes saludables dada la relevancia del suministro alimentario en la salud colectiva.
The restaurant industry has witnessed an inevitable trend where old brands are repositioning themselves to be healthy and new healthy restaurant brands are booming everywhere Garfield, 2018;Gasparro, 2017;Olayanju, 2018.
Prior research suggests that restaurants can use nutrition and health claims e.
Recently, the restaurant industry has witnessed an unprecedented rise of healthy restaurant brands.
However, the existing literature offers little guidance on how to effectively leverage such brands in the marketplace.
To address this gap, the current research examines a novel marketing strategy i.
The results show that these positive effects occur only when the restaurant brand is health-focused.
Moreover, the handwritten typeface effect with healthy restaurants is observed in both social and solo dining contexts.
Implications for branding, visual design, and menu psychology are discussed.
Identification of the determinants of consumers' food purchase intentions for health and wellness has recently attracted a great interest from scholars.
Several studies have attempted to explain how intention and behaviour to purchase health foods works Baglione et al.
This topic was also highlighted by Kihlberg and Risvik 2007emphasising that understanding consumer behaviour regarding healthier food products, and the value structure underlying this consumption has great importance for marketers and policy-makers.
Furthermore, Kang et al.
We applied the consumption values theory Sheth et al.
The health value, like a healthy lifestyle, is expected to interact within consumer choice Tudoran et al.
Physical activities act as a moderator of the emotional value and functional value price.
More specifically, the VAB model was utilized to explore the motives for healthy food choices in casual dining settings Kang et al.
More specifically, the VAB model was utilized to explore the motives for healthy food choices in casual dining settings Kang et al.
This study extends the current literature by utilizing the VAB framework to explore the antecedents of behavior and assess salient values and attitudes associated with the consumption of locally branded food products such as those branded by a state operated agricultural marketing program See Figure 1.
As previously discussed, the VAB model has been found to be a reliable framework and used to explore the mediating effects of environmental attitudes Milfont et al.
State brand consumption was found to be the strongest predictor of intent to purchase local food products, while state pride had a mild level of predictability.
Practical implications for food and beverage retailers, hospitality marketers and ag-related government agencies are provided.
One of the customer's core values is health and wellness Schiffman et al.
Consumer concern to maintain healthy lifestyles is also one of the most important food buying behaviour determinants Kang et al.
Health concern can motivate to change consumer food habits and can lead to a change in the type of meat, fish and egg consumed Fernqvist and Ekelund, 2014.
Abstract Purpose — The purpose food casino by ashwinis this paper is to conduct consumer profile analysis for chicken, beef, mutton, fish and egg to better adapt the marketing mix for each type of food in Bangladesh.
The sociodemographic variables used in this study were: sex, age, gender, educational level, social class, number of family members in the home, the presence of minors less than 18 years in the home and geographical area.
Frequency distribution, factor and cluster analysis were performed to understand the food consumption frequency and food-related lifestyle segment, respectively.
Findings — Egg was the most frequently consumed; 77 per cent of respondents ate egg once daily.
Chicken was the second most consumed 62 per centwhereas fish was third 59 per cent.
Mutton was in the fourth place of consumption frequency level.
However, 24 per cent of respondents did not consume mutton.
The same types of behaviour were observed for beef, which was the least consumed 7 per cent once daily, 48 per cent once a week, whereas 13 per cent did not consume it.
There was no specific consumer behaviour pattern for the sociodemographic variables and types of food studied here.
Keywords Marketing mix, Consumer segmentation, Consumption frequency, Food-related lifestyle, Meat-fish, Sociodemographic variables.
Emphasis has been placed on the psychological aspects given that understanding consumers' decision-making processes when selecting healthy meals allows policymakers and marketers to predict their behavioral patterns better.
For example, Kang et al.
The question- naire consisted of two parts.
Adding other belief variables, such as normative belief and control belief, to behavioral beliefs, as well as other mediators, such as subjective norms and behavioral control could result in a more structured outcome of explaining the psychographics of consumers regarding selection of healthy menu items.
We attempted to enhance the reliability by using multiple items per variables, but it may be useful to validate the results with experimental research.
This study was conducted to estimate restaurant consumers' intention to select healthy menu items and to examine the relationships among behavioral beliefs, past behaviors, attitudes and behavioral intentions, which are known to be major determinants of consumer behaviors.
The study sample consisted of customers who reported having visited casual dining restaurants in the last three months at the time of the survey.
Structural equation modeling was used to verify the fit of the proposed research model.
RESULTS Structural equation modeling revealed that the proposed model supports the sequential, mediated indirect relationships among behavioral beliefs, past behaviors, attitudes and behavioral situation vegas crest casino promotions directly toward healthy menu selection.
CONCLUSION This study contributes to the available literature regarding obesity by adding past behaviors, one of the most influential variables involved in prediction of future behaviors of consumers, to the TPB model, enabling a better understanding of restaurant consumers' rational decision process regarding healthy menu choices.
The results of this study provide practical implications for restaurant practitioners and government agencies regarding ways to promote healthy menus.
Value can be regarded as a trade-off of all salient give and get components, which are perceived as the interactions between relevant benefits and sacrifices Sweeney and Soutar, 2001.
Identifying antecedents of perceived value has received considerable attention in recent years Kang et al.
Researchers have regarded consumer evaluations about product or service quality as one of the important determinants of positive perceived value Wang and Wang, 2010.
Several empirical models have been proposed and empirically tested specifically to understand the relationships among these three variables across a wide range of industries including tourism Žabkar et al.
It is believed that high product quality results in a positive attitude for the product which ultimately leads to referral marketing and word-of-mouth Kang et al.
With regard to O2O commerce, mobile users are competent to make sound purchase choices based on the perceived values towards the quality of mobile apps Magrath and McCormick, 2013.
The growth in mobile communications is a significant reason attributed to the O2O commerce explosion in China.
Mobile applications have seized this opportunity adapting it to restaurants and food delivery services, recognized as an alternative strategy to increase sales revenue and for consumers to conveniently receive products and here />This study was designed to specifically explore five salient quality attributes representing convenience, design, trustworthiness, price, and various food choices associated with food delivery apps in consideration of their impacts upon user-perceived value, attitudes and intention to continuously use.
Results determined that user trustworthiness was the most important quality attribute of the food delivery app business.
Thus, in the context of marketing strategies, a successful restaurant 'is one that attracts consumers, which is reliable and generates satisfaction to users' Kim and Kim 2004;Martinez et al.
For example, Kang et al.
Several aspects such as appearance and presence of organic food ingredients increasingly became important challenges for restaurants and marketers; this is the reason why they have to present relevant information in menu items at restaurants and their websites in order to satisfy the needs for search to consumers Davies et al.
Therefore, health value features are perceived as influencing restaurateur satisfaction.
When healthy and nutritional information on organic restaurant menus satisfies the expectations of consumers and restaurateurs, their consumption is likely to increase Kang et al.
The review of the literature on the organic food and restaurants carried out in the context of this research has allowed to question the main relevant attributes on the level of restaurateur satisfaction in the marketing of organic labeled foods, in order to capitalize and promote organic products as inputs to their menus.
As a consequence of the increasing importance of the organic food in several countries, there are many theoretical and empirical studies focused on analyzing whether the health values or rather the environmental attitudes of the restaurateurs, are the most influential factors on their satisfaction.
However, it is very important to differentiate the impact of these factors in order to improve the restaurateur satisfaction in the marketing of organic labeled foods.
As most studies in restaurants are related to customer satisfaction, this paper deals with a novel topic relating promotion and differentiation in organic restaurants and particularly describing restaurateur satisfaction click />We illustrate how is possible to manage the promotion of the organic restaurants in Spain and the implications of these findings for restaurants are discussed.
The main contribution of this work is that there is a potential niche for restaurants in the marketing of organic labeled foods, in order to facilitate the promotion of organic food consumption in restaurants highlighting the attributes on which to establish the proposition of value.
Scholars have emphasized that this organic trend in the restaurant industry is not only rooted in personal advantages e.
Moreover, Schifferstein and Ophuis 1998 highlighted that consumption of organic products is linked with "a particular value system that affects personality measures, attitudes, and consumption behavior" p.
While organic food consumption has received recent attention, few studies have focused on consumer behaviors of organic menu selection restaurants.
This study aims to fill that gap by investigating consumers' decision-making process with respect to organic menu choices based on the value-attitude-behavior model.
Applying the tenet of the model, general sustainability values i.
A total of 467 responses were collected via an online survey, then analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling.
Our results showed that altruistic value significantly affects biosphere values, which in turn influences willingness to pay more for an organic menu via pro-environmental attitude.
This study provides the environmental perspectives underlying the impact of sustainability values and attitude on intentions to pay more for an organic menu.
Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
However, despite the lack of direct evidence, previous research implicitly suggests that health consciousness should have a positive effect on the emotions elicited as a result of healthy food consumption.
For example, Kang et al.
Similarly, when healthy food is not available, negative emotions arise, as the consumer is faced with the prospect of engaging in unhealthy consumption behavior Desmet and Schifferstein, 2008.
Accordingly, the health concern construct has been established as a critical predictor of the relationships among psychology and behavior Vassallo et al.
Health concern can be conceptualized as a rational, cognitively derived antecedent of the decision to consume nutritious food Kang et al.
Recent trends in the restaurant industry indicate increasing health concern among consumers and, in turn, increasing interest in the health-related aspects of food Jun et al.
Recent trends in the restaurant industry indicate increasing health concern among consumers and, in turn, increasing interest in the health-related aspects of food Jun et al.
As consumers have become more concerned with eating healthier Kang et al.
Health-conscious consumers tend to seek foods with health and nutritional benefits and to eschew dining experiences that may be detrimental to health Glanz et al.
Purpose: As consumers have begun to incorporate health-related values into their purchase decisions, it has become increasingly important for marketers to understand how these belief systems affect the consumption experience.
Accordingly, the purpose of this research is to better understand the effects of health concern on consumption behavior in full-service restaurants.
Methodology: Data were collected from 512 restaurant consumers in the USA.
Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypotheses.
Findings: The results suggest that for health-conscious consumers, the availability of healthy food significantly affects the evaluation of the consumption experience in terms of both cognitive and affective response mechanisms.
Research implications: This paper identifies the mediating effects of emotion, perceived value and restaurant quality in the relationship between health concern and behavioral intention.
By establishing the respective roles of quality and value, the results contribute a https://bannerven.com/casino/casino-giveaways-atlantic-city-revel.html complete account of the existing model of personal values and behavior, as it pertains to restaurant patronage.
Practical implications: This paper identifies the salience of health concern as a determinant of consumer behavior.
Because health concern affects so many different aspects of the healthy dining experience, the results suggest that restaurant marketers need to consider their position in the market for healthy food.
Spurred by the belief in a healthier and sustainable lifestyle, eating healthier food has started playing a critical role in consumer dining food casino by ashwinis in recent years e.
In response to this trend, while attempting to establish a socially responsible image, many restaurants have included healthier items e.
Previous research has examined a host of subjects, including consumers' health value and its influence on restaurant menu offerings e.
In response to this trend, while attempting to establish a socially responsible image, many restaurants have included healthier items e.
Previous research has examined a host of subjects, including consumers' health value and its influence on restaurant menu offerings e.
As consumers dwell on their health more than before, a healthy eating belief captures more than a low-fat or low-calorie diet but also features a wholesome meal loaded with nutrients and highquality ingredients.
It is also worth mentioning that the respondents of this study are not further categorized.
Future research involving here variables may help researchers and practitioners to further understand how restaurants can further profile potential patrons of sustainable food.
Table A3Perceive Food Quality The food served at restaurant A or B will be delicious The food served at restaurant A or B is nutritious The food offered by restaurant A or B will be fresh If I order from restaurant A or B 's menu, I expect their food presentation to be visually attractive Food provided by restaurant A or B is healthy to my body At restaurant A or Bfood will be served at the appropriate temperature Attitudes Bad — Good Unpleasant — Pleasant Unfavorable — Favorable Negative — Positive Undesirable — Desirable Unwise — Wise Unlikely — Likely Willingness to Select I am willing to select this restaurant for dinner I am happy to choose this restaurant for dinner I will make an effort to select this restaurant I am willing to convince my friend to select this restaurant.
This study aims to examine whether the presence of an organic food menu can positively influence din-ers' decision-making.
A 3 restaurant segment: quick service vs.
MANCOVA results indicate that using organic ingredients offers a greater advantage for the quick-service segment regarding perceived food quality, attitudes towards the restaurant, and willingness to select, compared to casual and fine dining segments.
The magnitude of a premium price of organic ingredients negatively influences such advantage in the https://bannerven.com/casino/casino-royale-green-dress.html of consumers' decision-making.
When a large vs.
Discussions and implications are further elaborated.
Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Although the final harrahs casino lake tahoe of the healthy snack packs contained food items that had high glycaemic indices, these were all considered natural food items in the pilot testing phase.
Therefore, the differentiating factor designating the snack pack as healthy or not was based on perceived fat content.
Eighty participants 18-24 years old were offered the choice between two snack packs following exposure to one of three advertising conditions.
The snack packs contained either healthy or high fat, sugar or salt HFSS foods.
Participants were exposed to commercials containing either non-food products, healthy food products or HFSS food products and their subsequent choice of snack pack was recorded.
The Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire DEBQ was used to assess the impact of external, restrained and emotional eating behaviour on snack pack selection following exposure to advertisements.
The majority of unrestrained participants preferentially choose the HFSS snack pack irrespective of advertisement condition.
In contrast, high restrained individuals exposed to the healthy eating advertisement condition preferentially selected the healthy snack pack while those in other advertisement conditions refused to take either snack pack.
The healthy eating message, when distributed through mass media, resonated with restrained eaters only.
Exposure to healthy food adverts provoked restrained eaters into choosing a snack pack; while exposure to other messages results in restrained eaters refusing to take any foods.
Menu re- design represents congratulate, casinos near marshall mn think of the approaches that can be implemented by catering operators with limited disruption for consumer choice Wansink et al.
Menu cards are a key 'provider-to-consumer' communication medium within food service provision and it is paramount to fully utilise the potential they offer to not only trigger consumer choice, but also to architect this choice so that it becomes more environment-friendly and society-benign Kang et al.
As a result, consumers have started paying more attention to the nutritional, calorific and environmental qualities of food when dining out Gallicano et al.
This has in turn given rise to the diets that are considered balanced, healthier and more environment-friendly, such as organic, vegetarian, fat-free, sugar-free and paleo diets Magee, 2014;Moor, 2016.
The restaurant sector imposes substantial impacts on the environment and society.
A large share of the sector's negative impacts is attributed to irresponsible consumer choice.
To enhance sustainability of food service provision, consumer choice ought to be architected to make it more responsible.
This study explores managerial opinions on the role of menu design in shaping more responsible consumer choice.
It finds that while restaurateurs acknowledge rising customer awareness about the ramifications of their food choice on personal health and the environment, they are sceptical about the use of menu design as a means to positively affect consumer choice.
The lack of internal resources to implement and maintain the required menu changes, inconstant customer demand, organisational and operational complexities represent the key barriers.
There is certainly more focus on healthier food items Parsa and Kahn, 1991; Kim et al.
As restaurant meals tend to be higher in fat and meilleur de londres content and larger in portion sizes more people are struggling from reduced dietary quality and obesity Morley et al.
The percentage of people eating away from home is increasing rapidly with almost half of all food expenditure in the US occurring in restaurants see, Pulos and Leng, 2010; Morley et al.
More recent studies have highlighted that consumer responses to menu information are diverse and vary based on consumer and restaurant characteristics Yoon and George, 2012; Mah and Timmings 2015; Kang et al.
For example, consumer responses to nutritional information are different in the context fine dining restaurants as compared to fast food restaurants ; the higher the cost of the menu item the more information is expected by the consumer Mills and Thomas, 2008; Alexander et al.
Furthermorebased on recent studies suggesting consumer responses to menu information is influenced by the type of sector see, Yoon and George, 2012; Kang et al.
Research in this field is desperately needed in a new context outside the US and developed Western economies, this study takes place in a developing country Lebanon where the disclosure of menu information is not required by law but is considered a business strategy for restaurants seeking to address consumer demand.
This research looks at how consumer desires for restaurant menu information including " nutritional information "" product characteristics "and " preparation and ingredients " influence customers' attitudes and behavioural intentions toward restaurants.
Partial least squares structural equation modelling PLS-SEM and multigroup analysis confirms that the relationship between menu information and behavioural intentions is mediated by consumers' attitudes toward the restaurant.
Furthermore, 'preparation and ingredients' and 'nutritional information' were the two strongest predictors of attitudes and behavioural intentions for high-and mid-scale restaurants, whereas 'product characteristics' was the most significant for low-scale restaurants.
These findings present new knowledge on how different types of information drive consumers' purchase intentions across different segments of the industry.
The findings of this research will provide organisations in hospitality, in particular the restaurant and wellness industry, insights into purchasing behaviour and decision making processes of their guests.
As an example, Kang, Jun and Arendt 2015 identified that individual health values is the foundation of healthy food choices in restaurants.
In addition, they explored the importance of hedonic values and choices consumers make in relation to their health.
Researchers have noted that values can be considered strong antecedents of behaviour and can be used to predict current and future choices.
The research aims to investigate to what extent a relation can be established between general values people may have in life and their attitude and behaviour towards eating.
In particular, the research looked in to the two 'self-enhancement' value orientation of hedonic and egoistic and tried to explore their possible relationship with eating attitude and behaviours.
This research also further examined the validity of the instruments to measure value orientation and eating attitude and behaviour.
The results supported the distinction between the 2 value orientations of hedonic and egoistic relevant for the context of the study, and 5 factors were extracted from the factor analysis of the items within eating attitude and behaviour.
The results did not show any significant correlations between the hedonic or egoistic value orientation and the different components of eating attitude and behaviour.
Nonetheless, there is slight suggestions that higher hedonic value orientation would lead to lower scores on eating attitude and behaviour items, which means less concern with regards to eating and food.
Similarly higher egoistic value orientation would lead to higher scores on eating attitude and behaviour see more, which means a higher concern and thought towards eating and food in general.
Finally, the authors provide suggestions on what future research on similar area should focus on in terms of measurement of eating attitude and behaviour.
Foods that are low in fat, sugar, sodium or calorie are also 292 perceived as healthy Kang et al.
Price was measured 316 by three sub-scales: " inexpensive "" on sale "and " don't want to spend more money ".
The objective of this study was to investigate the motivations behind everyday choices of different food groups using a bottom-up approach that targeted the specific choices of foods and beverages people consumed at various times of a day.
This study was conducted using an online survey included questions related to demographics, the most recent meal including specific food choices, and a slightly modified Eating Motivation Surveys 2 motivations were added, and Check-All-That-Apply procedure was usedwhich contained 50 sub-scales to measure 17 motivations including such topics as Liking, Pleasure, Convenience, Health, Price, Variety Seeking etc.
A total of 198 participants have completed the surveys.
Data were analyzed click at this page Correspondence Analysis.
Liking was found to be the strongest motivation that drove people to select all sorts of foods.
Sweets were linked to Pleasure.
For beverages, people were motivated most by Heath and Weight Control to choose water and tea.
Coffee was used due to Habits; soda was because of Pleasure and alcoholic was for socialization purposes.
continue reading study provided developers, marketers, health educators, etc.
With a new method to understand food choice https://bannerven.com/casino/casino-thief-river-falls-mn.html order to promote better eating.
Thus, in the context of marketing strategies, a successful restaurant 'is one that attracts consumers, which is reliable and generates satisfaction to users' Kim and Kim, 2004;Kim and Chung, 2011;Martinez et al.
For example, Kang et al.
Therefore, health value features are perceived as influencing go here satisfaction.
When healthy and nutritional information on organic restaurant menus satisfies the expectations of consumers and restaurateurs, their consumption is likely to increase Kang et al.
The review of the literature on the organic food and restaurants carried out in the context of this research has allowed to question the main relevant attributes on the level of restaurateur satisfaction in the marketing of organic labeled foods, in order to capitalize and promote organic products as inputs to their menus.
As a consequence of the increasing importance of the organic food in several countries, there are many theoretical and empirical studies focused on analyzing whether the health values or rather the environmental attitudes of the restaurateurs, are the most influential factors on their satisfaction.
In the framework of a research project food casino by ashwinis by the Spanish Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, in this paper we investigate how restaurant managements' attitudes influence decisions to promote organic foods as inputs on menus.
An investigation of chefs' decision-making criteria based on a questionnaire was carried out to collect data.
We illustrate how is possible to manage the promotion of the organic restaurants in Spain and the implications of these findings for restaurants are discussed.
The main contribution of this work is to facilitate the promotion of organic food consumption in restaurants highlighting the attributes on which to establish the proposition of value.
It is important to analyse the consumer profile of each type of meat to better adapt the marketing mix to each one.
To this end, we examined the average consumption frequency of different types of meat based on two methodologies: consumer segmentation using the food-related lifestyle FRL framework, giving rise to 4 segments, and analysis of socio-demographic profiles.
The variables used were: sex, age, educational level, social class, number of people in the household, presence of children younger than 18 in the home, geographical area and habitual residence.
Beef was the only meat type significant in both analyses.
Turkey meat only appeared as significant in the FRL analysis.
The other meats chicken, pork, rabbit and lamb were only significant in the sociodemographic variables analysis.
From the outcomes we may conclude that there is no single consumer profile, which rather depends on the type of meat.
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a review of the foodservice and restaurant literature that has been published over the past 10 years in the top hospitality and tourism journals.
This information will be used to identify the key trends and topics studied over the past decade, and help to identify the gaps that appear in the research to identify opportunities for advancing future research in the area of foodservice and restaurant management.
Literature from the past 10 years will be qualitatively assessed to determine trends and gaps in the research to help guide the direction for future research.
Findings The findings show that the past 10 years have seen an increase in the number of and the quality of foodservice and restaurant management research articles.
The topics have been diverse and the findings have explored the changing and evolving segments of the foodservice industry, restaurant operations, service quality in foodservice, restaurant finance, foodservice marketing, food safety and healthfulness and the increased role of technology in the industry.
The implications from this paper are that it can be used to inform academics and practitioners where there is room for more research, it could provide ideas for more in-depth discussion of a specific topic and it is a detailed start into assessing the research done of late.
Purpose The concept of functional foods is not new to the Malaysian people.
Functional foods as traditional medicine have made tremendous contributions over the past couple of centuries.
The growth in the economy, coupled with a strong desire among the Malaysian consumers to maintain a healthy lifestyle has made functional foods an alternative medicine among the populace.
Although the consumption of functional foods is increasing in Malaysia, relatively little is known about the factors which affect consumer purchase intention toward natural functional foods.
The purpose of this paper is to determine Malaysian consumer intention to purchase natural functional foods.
The theory of reasoned action TRA and health belief model were adopted and modified in this study.
Descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling were used to analyze the collected data.
Findings The results have shown that the data set was normal, valid and reliable.
Attitude has a partial mediating effect on perceived barriers, perceived susceptibility and perceived benefits which influence consumer intention to purchase natural functional foods.
Nevertheless attitude had no mediation effect on subjective norms for consumers to form their intention to purchase natural functional foods.
In other word, subjective norms had a direct influence on consumer intention to purchase natural functional foods.
However the results from this paper are limited in terms of determining consumer purchasing behavior for natural functional foods.
ABSTRACT Purpose - The purpose of this research is to develop a scale for measuring customer value co-creation attitude CVCCA.
Two studies were conducted.
In Study 1, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis is used to generate and confirm the factorial structure of the customer value co-creation attitude construct respectively.
Study 2 validates the scale on a large field sample.
Covariance based structural equation modelling is used to analyse the data.
Findings — The study develops a new scale for measuring CVCCA.
Results suggest that CVCCA is a higher order construct comprised of three dimensions: 1 interaction attitude, 2 knowledge sharing attitude, and 3 responsive attitude.
Additionally, experiential value significantly predicts customer value co-creation attitude, which subsequently leads to customer value co-creation behaviour confirming nomological validity of the scale.
The scale is found to be a valid and reliable tool to measure customer attitude to engage in value co-creation.
Keywords Value co-creation, Service-dominant Logic, Service Logic, Customer Attitude, Consumer Behaviour, Scale development This research study inspects the association among various variables that influence health conscious attitude.
Health conscious attitude refers to maintaining an approach in which students are mindful of taking good care of their health.
The study emphases on five independent variables like education, lifestyle, eating preferences, purchase intentions and supplements, derived from literature and their impact on the dependent variable i.
Statistical analysis through SPSS showed that health conscious attitude is not influenced by purchase intention whereas education, lifestyle, eating preferences and supplements do influence the health conscious attitude among university students.
The proliferation of initiatives such as organic restaurants in several countries, driven by their own managers or owners, has made the characterization of their propositions of value a very interesting question.
The objective of this work is twofold: 1 to conceptualize these restaurants as businesses with some differentiated creative strategies, in terms of their main competitive advantages; and 2 to empirically evidence their processes of implementation, in two geographical areas of recognized gastronomic tradition.
This research carried out a literature review of those strategies and we used a questionnaire to measure of restaurateurs in their organic restaurants.
The main conclusion of this study reinforces the importance of interventions related to different levels of managerial performance.
The relevant contribution is in order to reduce the uncertainty involved in risky decisions made by those planning the constitution or the promotion of these restaurants, that is, managers, public authorities and private developers.
This paper provides insights into the attitudes and behaviors of Chinese Millennials towards dining out, based on a sample of 468 respondents in Hong Kong, China.
Millennials are the generation that is most conscious of sustainability and personal health issues, and they are isle casino hotel bettendorf to the growing demand for wellness-related products and services.
The Chinese are the largest emerging group within this cohort for global spending and wealth creation, and their consumption behaviors are increasingly influential in a resourcescarce world.
Prior studies have adopted various approaches to segment restaurant customers.
However, none have formed segments using consumer health and environmental-related attitudes and behaviors.
Furthermore, there have been relatively few studies on the menu information which customers value most.
Respondents in the current study were segmented on the basis of their lifestyles and health and environmental consciousness.
The researchers identified six customer segments and compared their attitudes to two types of information on restaurant menus — nutrition and sustainability.
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate and develop an integrated theoretical relationship by including destination image and attitudes into the quality-value-satisfaction-loyalty paradigm in the context of beach tourism.
Then, the structural relationships between the factors likely to affect tourist attitudes and loyalty were examined.
Findings The findings reveal that both service quality and perceived values have a direct effect on destination image, tourist attitudes and satisfaction.
Additionally, destination image and satisfaction significantly affect tourist attitudes and loyalty.
Practical implications These findings contribute to check this out extension of theoretical and managerial knowledge, especially in a beach tourism setting, where little research has been done to investigate the proposed relationships.
The study of the human response to food is a complex and rapidly evolving field.
It encompasses a wide range of scientific disciplines, ranging from food science and technology to nutrition, biochemistry, physiology, psychology, marketing and catering.
As may be expected in such an interdisciplinary area, numerous scientific concepts have evolved to describe various aspects of the phenomenon under investigation.
However, the terminology used to describe these concepts, as well as the methods for measuring them, differ from one discipline to another.
Since the focus of this chapter concerns factors that influence food acceptance, I would first like to describe and define food acceptance and then to detail the operational approach that we have used to measure it in the laboratory.
The aim of this study is to discover what German restaurant customers consider to be healthy.
Owing to the paucity of literature on healthy meals, this research attempts to initiate an exploratory investigation testing a new psychological construct of health meals by using college students as the study population.
The proposed scale consists of three dimensions nutrition value, organic content, and gastronomywhich are defined by 16 attributes.
This study finds that low in fat is the major consideration for selecting healthy meals, whereas the aroma of meals is not a concern for healthy meal choice.
In the final analysis 15 indicators are retained in the measurement scale after the reliability test.
Since the dimension of organic content has the highest reliability score, it could be best utilized as the surrogate indicator assessing the perception of a healthy meal.
The derived scale is rather embryonic since it is tested only on German students.
It is suggested that the scale should be further tested by drawing large samples from heterogeneous populations to boost the scale's construct validity so as to collect samples from restaurant goers with different cultural background.
In this article, we provide guidance for substantive researchers on the use of structural equation modeling in practice for theory testing and development.
We present a comprehensive, two-step modeling approach that employs a series of nested models and sequential chi-square difference tests.
We discuss the comparative advantages of this approach over a one-step approach.
Considerations in specification, assessment of fit, and respecification of measurement models using confirmatory factor analysis are reviewed.
As background to the two-step approach, the distinction between exploratory and confirmatory analysis, the distinction between complementary approaches for theory testing versus predictive application, and some developments in estimation methods also are discussed.
Do people in two culturally distinct regions of the United States have different value orientations; and, if so, to what extent do such differences relate to attitudes toward product attributes?
The Theory of Planned Behaviour TPBthe Health Belief Model HBMand a modified HBM including intention were compared in their ability to predict dieting and fasting.
Three months later, a subsample reported subsequent weight loss behaviours.
The TPB predictor model explained 35% of the variance in follow-up dieting and 67% in intention.
The HBM model explained 29% of the variance in follow-up dieting and the modified HBM model explained 38% of the variance in follow-up dieting and 57% in intention.
The TPB model for fasting explained 14.
The modified HBM model explained 19% of the variance in follow-up fasting and 41% in intention.
Results show all models were able to predict a significant portion in the variance of dieting and fasting follow-up food casino by ashwinis however the variance explained in follow-up fasting increased when intention was added to the HBM model.
Attitude measures were the strongest predictors of behavioural intention and intention was the strongest predictor of follow-up dieting and fasting in the TPB and modified HBM models.
Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.
Vegetable oils can be used as an alternative to solid fats to produce biscuits with a healthier fatty acid profile.
The aim of this work was to study how consumers perceived the information about fat on biscuit labels when olive oil or sunflower oil was used instead of a saturated fat and how much the replacement affected acceptability.
Six samples of biscuits were fitzgeralds casino closed, varying in fat source dairy shortening, olive oil and sunflower oil and in fat content 10.
In general, consumers expected that they would like the olive and sunflower oil biscuits with low fat contents the most, although when they tasted the biscuits these samples obtained the lowest liking scores.
Thus, they did not associate a low-fat vegetable-oil biscuit with a decrease in sensory properties compared to its high fat counterpart.
Furthermore, when information on the fat source was provided the consumers seemed to attach less importance than they should have to the total fat level.
However, the perception of the biscuits' healthiness was based on the label information alone and the hedonic characteristics of the samples did not affect it.
In this article, we provide guidance for substantive researchers on the use of structural equation modeling in practice for theory testing and development.
We present a comprehensive, two-step modeling approach that employs a series of nested models and sequential chi-square difference tests.
We discuss the comparative advantages of this approach over a one-step approach.
Considerations in specification, assessment of fit, and respecification of measurement models using confirmatory factor analysis are reviewed.
As background to the two-step approach, the distinction between exploratory and confirmatory analysis, the distinction between complementary approaches for theory testing versus predictive application, and some developments in estimation methods also are discussed.
This research was designed to investigate healthy food selection in restaurant settings using several related valid scales to elicit information on the value negotiation portion of the food choice model.
A snowball technique was used to collect data from a convenience sample of consumers.
Results found weak relationships among the food negotiation items.
This study provided initial insights into the trade-offs involved in value negotiation utilized when a customer selects a healthy food item in a restaurant setting.
These results can benefit the restaurant industry by understanding healthy food choice strategies among consumers that may serve as the basis for new marketing approaches.
The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationships between satisfaction, perceived value, and quality in their prediction of intentions to repurchase and positive word of mouth publicity.
These constructs have been examined from three distinctly different perspectives, resulting in three competing models.
Results revealed that the quality model most accurately fit dansk casino data and that quality was the best predictor of intentions to repurchase.
Quality was found to have both a moderated and direct effect on behavioral intentions.
Specific theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.
Providing nutritional information on restaurant menus may help customers make healthier eating choices.
This paper presents the results of a two-phase study designed to identify i the most preferred amount of nutritional information for a menu, ii whether presentation of nutritional information influenced healthier choices, and iii whether people are willing to pay more for food choices they perceive to be healthier.
The participants showed the most positive attitudes toward a low-fat item and were willing to pay more for that item when nutrition information was provided.
If service quality relates to retention of customers at the aggregate level, as other research has indicated, then evidence of its impact on customers' behavioral responses should be detectable.
The authors offer a conceptual model of the impact of service quality on particular behaviors that signal whether customers remain with or defect from a company.
Results from a multicompany empirical study examining relationships from the model concerning customers' behavioral intentions show strong evidence of their being influenced by service quality.
The findings also reveal differences in the nature of the quality-intentions link across different dimensions of behavioral intentions.
The authors' discussion centers on ways the results and research approach of their study can be helpful to researchers food casino by ashwinis managers.
Ten samples of orange-flavoured powdered drinks were evaluated by 108 consumers who scored their expected liking looking at the pack only and the overall liking under blind and informed-testing conditions tasting the products.
To describe the connection between climate change and vector borne disease like west nile virus.
To show the impact this connection has on environmental health.
The sample was comprised of customers who had previously consumed these types of healthful items at a casual dining restaurant.
Structural equation modeling was used to analyze data.
However, attitudes toward taste of healthful menu items exerted a greater impact on behavioral intentions to choose, recommend, and spread a positive word-of-mouth about those menu items.
Independent t-test revealed that female customers and customers who had eaten healthful low-fat or low-calorie menu items in the past had more positive attitudes and behavioral intentions toward those menu items.
Also, hierarchical regression analysis showed that attitudes toward taste and healthfulness, and past experience consuming those menu items were significant contributors in forming behavioral intentions.
In particular, attitudes toward healthfulness had the greatest impact on behavioral intentions.
The growing awareness for benefits of a healthy diet led recent legislation in some parts of the United States to require nutrition labeling at point of purchase.
Whether or not mandated availability of nutrition information is effective, and how it affects customer satisfaction, are yet to be determined.
In this study, availability of nutritional information in a small restaurant was found to be associated with decreased customer satisfaction compared to the control group.
Although some qualities of customer satisfaction were related to customer perceptions of nutritional value of the meals, availability of nutrition information did not affect that relationship.
This work focuses on how the expectation created by the label influences the consumer's acceptance and willingness to purchase low-fat Https://bannerven.com/casino/gala-casinos-birmingham.html cheeses.
Six commercial low-fat cheeses were evaluated by a group of consumers who rated their expected liking by observing the label and the degree of liking on tasting the samples under blind and informed conditions.
To identify the underlying relationships between product attributes and consumers' personal beliefs motivating their purchasing decision, laddering interviews were performed with another group of consumers.
Results indicated that the label had a positive or neutral effect on consumers' hedonic perception.
When hedonic expectations were not fulfilled, assimilation took place, either completely or incompletely, indicating that positive consumer expectations had a positive effect on acceptability ratings of these cheeses.
For consumers, the two main components influencing the final decision on purchasing Uruguayan low-fat cheese were trust and expected pleasure.
The brand, appearance and previous knowledge of the product were the characteristics on the label with most impact on consumers.
In addition, certain brands and images on the label elicited differentiating responses, like the sense of natural or traditional manufacture, which motivated some consumers to purchase the product.
This study examines the effect of providing nutritional information on quick service restaurant menus and whether or not this information leads consumers to select healthier food items.
A computer-based experiment was conducted in which 273 participants were presented with 3 different versions of a standard quick-service restaurant menu.
Providing nutritional information led consumers to choose healthier foods.
Nutritional information disclosure on spiska sam imanje casinos had the most significant effect on choices in the burger sandwich category.

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