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To expand the sector, casinos were legalised in 2005, but only two licences for "Integrated Resorts" were issued, to control money laundering and addiction. Singapore also promotes itself as a medical tourism hub: about 200,000 foreigners seek medical care there each year.


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This family-friendly Singapore hotel is located in the entertainment district, within a 10-minute walk of Marina Square, Esplanade Theatres, and Raffles City. Singapore Flyer and Asian Civilisations Museum are also within 15 minutes. Esplanade Station is only a 5-minute walk and Promena Station is 7 minutes.


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Under the Integrated Resort Implementation Law, "the casinos will be embedded in family-friendly resorts, partly in a bid to counter their seedy image"; customers are limited to three visits a week; and locals will have to pay an entrance charge of ¥6000, while foreigners can enter for free.


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It lies one degree 137 kilometres or 85 miles north of theat the southern tip of thewith 's to the south and to the north.
Singapore's territory consists of one along with.
Since independence, extensive has increased its total size by 23% 130 square kilometres or 50 square miles.
The country is known for its transition from a to a one in a single generation under the leadership of its founding Prime Minister.
In 1819, Sir founded as a trading post of the.
After the company's in 1858, the islands were ceded to the as a crown colony.
During theSingapore was.
It gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 by joining along with other former British territories andbut separated two years later overbecoming a sovereign state in 1965.
After early years of and despite lacking natural resources and athe nation developed rapidly as an economy, based on external trade and its.
Singapore is a global hay casino en rosa calamuchita for education, entertainment, finance,logistics, manufacturing, technology, tourism, trade, and.
The city ranks highly inand has been recognised as the most "" nationtopcity with "best investment potential" BERI, world's safest country, world's most competitive economy, recently over-taking and.
It is identified as a.
Singapore is the only country in Asia with an AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies, and.
Globally, the and have held the titles of leading "Maritime Capital" and "Best Airport" respectively for consecutive years, while is the 2018 "World's Best Airline".
Singapore ranks 9th on the UN with the 3rd.
It is placed highly in key social indicators:, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety and housing.
Although click at this page, 90% of homes are owner-occupied.
According to thethe country is described as a "flawed democracy".
The city-state is home to 5.
There are four official :,and ; most Singaporeans are bilingual and English serves as the nation'swhile Malay is the national language.
Its is reflected in its extensive ethnic and major.
Singapore is a with a of parliamentary government.
The has won every election since self-government began in 1959.
As check this out of the five founding members ofSingapore is the host of the APEC Secretariat and PECC Secretariat, as well as many international conferences and events.
It is also a member of theand the.
Main article: The English name of Singapore is an of the native name for the country, Singapura, which was in turn derived from: Siṃhapura; siṃha is "lion", pura is "town" or "city"hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City, and its inclusion in many of the nation's symbols e.
However, it is unlikely that lions ever lived on the island;the prince said to have founded and named the island Singapura, perhaps saw a.
There are however other suggestions for the origin of the name and scholars do not believe that the origin of the name is firmly established.
The central island has also been called as far back as singapore casinos map third century CE, literally "island at the end" of the in Malay.
Singapore is also referred to as the Garden City for its tree-lined streets and greening efforts since independence, and the for how the island-nation is depicted on many maps of the world and Asia, as a red dot.
Singapore is also referred to as the "Switzerland of Asia" in 2017 due to its on international and regional issues.
History Main article: Historical affiliations 650—1377 1299—1398 1400—1511 1528—1819 1819—1826 1826—1942 1942—1945 1945—1946 1946—1963 1963—1965 also known as Republic of Singapore https://festes.ru/casino/mr-smith-casino-withdrawal.html Ancient Singapore The Greco-Roman astronomer 90—168 identified a place called Sabana in the general area in the second century, and the earliest written record of Singapore occurs in a Chinese account from the third century, describing the island of Pu Luo Chung.
This was itself a transliteration from the name "", or "island at the end" of the.
Thea epic poem written in 1365, referred to a settlement on the island called possibly meaning "Sea Town".
In 1299, according to thethe was founded on the island by.
Although the historicity of the accounts as given in the Malay Annals is the subject of academic debates, it is nevertheless known from various documents that Singapore in the 14th century, then known aswas a trading port under the influence of both the Empire and the kingdoms and was a part of the of.
These Indianized Kingdoms, a term coined by were characterised by surprising resilience, political integrity and administrative stability.
Historical sources also indicate that around the end of the 14th century, its ruler was attacked by either the Majapahit or the Siamese, forcing him to move on to where he founded the.
Archaeological evidence suggests that the main settlement on was abandoned around this time, although a small trading settlement continued in Singapore for some time afterwards.
In 1613, raiders burned down the settlement, and the island faded into obscurity for the next two centuries.
By then Singapore was nominally part of the.
The wider maritime region and much trade was under Dutch control for the following period after the Dutch's conquest of Malacca.
British colonisation 1825 survey map.
Singapore's trade was at for 150 years.
The British governor arrived in Singapore on 28 January 1819 and soon recognised the island as a natural choice for the new port.
The island was then nominally ruled bythewho was controlled by the Dutch and the.
However, the was weakened by factional division; the or Chief Minister Tengku Abdu'r Rahman and his officials were loyal to Tengku Rahman's click here brother who was living in in.
With the Temenggong's help, Raffles managed to smuggle Tengku Long back into Singapore.
A formal treaty was signed on 6 February 1819 and modern Singapore was born.
In 1824, the entire island as well as the Temenggong became a British possession after a further treaty with the Sultan.
In 1826, Singapore became part of theunder the jurisdiction ofbecoming the regional capital in 1836.
Prior to Raffles' arrival, there were only about a thousand people living on the island, mostly along with a handful of Chinese.
By 1860 the population had england casino supplies to over 80,000, more than half being Chinese.
Many of these early immigrants came to work on the pepper and plantations.
Later, in the 1890s, when the rubber industry also became established in and Singapore, the island became a global centre for rubber sorting and export.
Sir 's statue at the Singapore River spot where he first landed Singapore was not much affected by 1914—18 since the conflict did not spread to Southeast Asia.
The only significant event during the war was a by the from British India who were garrisoned in Singapore, which occurred in 1915.
After hearing rumours that they were to be sent off to fight thewhich was a Muslim state, the soldiers rebelled.
They killed their officers and several British civilians before the mutiny was suppressed by non-Muslim troops arriving from and.
Originally announced in 1923, the construction of the base proceeded slowly until the in 1931.
It was defended by heavy 15-inch naval guns stationed atand Labrador, as well as a airfield at.
Unfortunately, it was a base without a fleet.
The was stationed in Europe, and the British could not afford to build a second fleet to protect its interests in Asia.
The plan was for the Home Fleet to sail quickly to Singapore in the event of an emergency.
However, after broke out read more 1939, the fleet was fully occupied with defending Britain.
World War II Main article: During thethe invadedculminating in the.
When the British force of 60,000 troops surrendered on 15 February 1942, British Prime Minister called the defeat "the worst disaster and largest capitulation in British history.
British losses during the fighting for Singapore were heavy, with a total of nearly 85,000 personnel captured, in addition to losses during the earlier fighting in Malaya.
About 5,000 were killed or wounded, of which Australians made up the majority.
Japanese in wetumpka casino during the fighting in Singapore amounted to 1,714 killed and 3,378 wounded.
The occupation was to become a major turning point in the histories of several nations, including those of Japan, Britain, and the then-colonial state of Singapore.
Japanese newspapers triumphantly declared the victory as deciding the general situation of the war.
Between 5,000 and 25,000 ethnic Chinese people were killed in the subsequent.
British forces had in 1945; however, the war ended before these operations could be carried out.
It was by British, Indian and Australian forces following the in September.
Meanwhile, was tried by a US go here commission for war crimes, but not for crimes committed by his troops in Malaya or Singapore.
He was convicted and hanged in the Philippines on 23 February 1946.
Post-war period British evacuation in 1945 after the.
After the to the Allies on 15 August 1945, Singapore fell into a brief state of violence and disorder; looting and revenge-killing were widespread.
British troops led by Lordforreturned to Singapore to receive formal surrender of the Japanese forces in the region from General on behalf of General on 12 September 1945, and a British Military Administration was formed to govern the island until March 1946.
Much of the infrastructure had been destroyed during the war, including harbour facilities at the.
There was also a shortage of food leading to malnutrition, disease, and check this out crime and violence.
High food prices, unemployment, and workers' discontent culminated into a series of strikes in 1947 causing massive stoppages in public transport and other services.
By late 1947, the economy began to recover, facilitated by a growing demand for tin and rubber around the world, but it would take several more years before the economy returned to pre-war levels.
The failure of Britain to successfully defend Singapore had destroyed its credibility as an infallible ruler in the eyes of Singaporeans.
The decades after the war saw a political awakening amongst the local populace and the rise of and nationalist sentiments, epitomised by the sloganor "independence" in the Malay language.
The British, on their part, were prepared to gradually increase for Singapore and Malaya.
On 1 April 1946, the was dissolved and Singapore became a separate Crown Colony with a civil administration headed by a Governor.
In July 1947, separate Executive and Legislative Councils were established and the election of six members of the Legislative Council was scheduled in the following year.
Singapore thrives as an entrepot.
Bumboats used to transport cargoes and wind creek casino montgomery al between nearshore ships and Singapore River, c.
The, and in Singapore were all linked to these events.
He led a delegation to London, but Britain rejected his demand for complete self-rule.
He resigned and was replaced by in 1956, whose policies convinced Britain to grant Singapore full internal for all matters except defence and foreign affairs.
During thethe PAP won a landslide victory.
Singapore became an internally self-governing state within the Commonwealth, with as its first Prime Minister.
As a result, the 1959 general elections were the first after full internal was granted by the British authorities.
Singapore was not yet fully independent, as the British still controlled external affairs such as the military and foreign relations.
However, Singapore was now a recognised.
Sir served as the first Head of Stateand was succeeded by.
Merger with Malaysiathe first Prime Minister, is also recognised as Singapore's founding father.
Despite their successes in governing Singapore, the PAP leaders believed that Singapore's future lay with Malaya due to strong ties between the two nations.
It was thought that the merger would benefit the economy by creating a common market which will support new industries, solving the ongoing unemployment woes in Singapore.
However, a sizeable pro-communist wing of the PAP was strongly opposed to the merger, fearing a loss of influence, and hence formed thesplitting from the PAP.
This was because the ruling party of Malaya, UMNOwas staunchly anti-communist and would support the non-communist faction of PAP against them.
UMNO, who was initially sceptical of the idea of a merger as they distrust the PAP government and were concerned that the large Chinese population in Singapore would alter the racial balance on which their political power base depended, changed their minds about the merger after being afraid of being taken over by pro-communists.
On 27 May 1961, Malaya's Prime Minister,made a surprise proposal of acomprising existingSingapore, and the British Borneo territories of and.
The UMNO leaders believed that the additional Malay population in the Borneo territories would offset Singapore's Chinese population.
The British government, for its part, believed that the merger would prevent Singapore from becoming a haven for communism.
To secure the of the people, the PAP called for thewhich provided different terms for merger with Malaysia, but no options for avoiding it.
As a result, on 16 September 1963, joined with thethe and the to form the new federation of under the terms of thewith Singapore being granted a high level of autonomy compared to other states in Malaysia.
A symbol of Singapore, the was erected in 1964 Indonesia, however, opposed the formation of Malaysia over its own claims of Borneo and launched Confrontation in Indonesian.
On 10 March 1965, a bomb planted by Indonesian saboteurs on a mezzanine floor of MacDonald House exploded, killing three people and injuring 33 others.
It was the deadliest of at least 42 bomb incidents which occurred during the confrontation.
Two members of the Indonesian Marine Corps, Osman bin Haji Mohamed Ali and Harun bin Said, were eventually convicted and executed for the emerald casino />Despite an earlier agreement to establish a common market, Singapore continued to face restrictions when trading with the rest of Malaysia.
In retaliation, Singapore did not extend to Sabah and Sarawak the full extent of the loans agreed to for economic development of the two eastern states.
The situation escalated to such an intensity that talks soon broke down and abusive speeches and writing became rife on both sides.
This led to communal strife in Singapore, accumulating to the.
Because of this, on 7 August 1965, the thenseeing no alternative to avoid further bloodshed, advised the that it should vote to expel Singapore from Malaysia.
On 9 August 1965, the Malaysian Parliament voted 126 to 0 with Singaporean delegates not present to move a bill to amend the constitution providing for Singapore to separate from the Federation of Malaysia.
This gave Singapore independence, unusually against its own will.
Republic of Singapore The national flag along with banners, flown at Singapore gained independence as the Republic of Singapore remaining within the on 9 August 1965 with and as the first prime minister and president respectively.
Race riots in 1969.
In 1967, the country co-founded the ASEAN.
Lee Kuan Yew's emphasis on rapid economic growth, support for business entrepreneurship, and limitations on internal democracy shaped Singapore's policies for the next half-century and the country progressed to a country.
Further economic success continued through the 1980s, with the unemployment rate falling to 3% and real GDP growth averaging at about 8% up until 1999.
During the 1980s, Singapore began to upgrade to higher-technological industries, such as the sector, in order to compete with its neighbours which now had cheaper labour.
The became one of the world's busiest ports and the service and tourism industries also grew immensely during this period.
Singapore emerged as an important transportation and logistics hub and a major tourist destination.
The PAP rule is termed by some activists and opposition politicians who see the strict regulation of political and media activities by the government as an infringement on political rights.
In response, the underwent several significant political changes, by introducing the Non-Constituency members of parliament in 1984 to allow up to three losing candidates from opposition parties to be appointed as MPs.
Group Representation Constituencies GRCs were introduced in 1988 to create multi-seat electoral divisions, intended to ensure minority representation in parliament.
Nominated members of parliament were introduced in 1990 to allow non-elected non-partisan MPs.
The was amended in 1991 to provide for an who has veto power in the use of national reserves and appointments to public office.
Since self-government in 1959, Singapore has had only three Prime Ministers.
In 1990, succeeded Lee and became Singapore's second Prime Minister.
During Goh's tenure, the country went through some post-independence crises, such as the and the 2003 outbreak.
In 2004,the eldest son of Lee Kuan Yew, became the country's third Prime Minister.
Lee Hsien Loong's tenure included thethe resolution of a dispute overand the introduction of.
Despite the economy's exceptional growth, the PAP suffered its in 2011, winning 60% of votes, amidst hot-button issues of high influx of foreign workers and cost of living.
On 23 March 2015 Lee Kuan Yew died, during the 50th year of independence, declaring a one-week period of public mourning.
Subsequently, the PAP maintained its dominance in Parliament at thereceiving 69.
Government and politics is the official residence and office of the President, as well as the working office of the Prime Minister.
Singapore is a parliamentary republic with a of unicameral parliamentary government representing.
The country's establishes a as the political system.
Executive power rests with theled by the Prime Minister and, to a much lesser extent, the President.
The President is elected through a popular vote, and has veto powers over a specific set of executive decisions, such as the use of the national reserves and the appointment of judges, but otherwise occupies a largely ceremonial post.
In 2016, constitutional amendments provide for for an ethnic community in Singapore if no one from that community has been President for any of the five most recent terms of office of the President.
In 2017, was unanimously named the first female president of Singapore in the first reserved election for the Malay community, since all other candidates were declared ineligible for the election.
New and old buildings.
The occupies the 'disc' atop, representing the highest level of and a modern interpretation of the.
The Parliament serves as the of the government.
Members of Parliament MPs consist of elected, non-constituency and nominated members.
Elected MPs are voted into the Parliament on a "" plurality basis and represent either single-member or.
The People's Action Party has won control of Parliament with large majorities in every election since self-governance was secured in 1959.
The latest electionswith the PAP winning 83 of 89 seats contested with 70% of the popular vote.
The is based onbut with substantial local differences.
Singapore has penalties that include in the form ofwhich may be imposed for such offences as rape, rioting, vandalism, and certain immigration offences.
There is for murder, as well as for certain aggravated drug-trafficking and firearms offences.
The government has disputed Amnesty's claims, stating that their "position on abolition of the death penalty is by no means uncontested internationally" and that the Report contains "grave errors of facts and misrepresentations".
Singapore's judicial system is considered one of the most reliable in Asia.
Singapore has been consistently rated among the countries in the world by.
Singapore's liberty casino sign combination of a strong almost authoritarian government with an emphasis on meritocracy and good governance is known as the "Singapore model", and is regarded as a key factor behind Singapore's political stability, economic growth, and harmonious social order.
In 2019, the 's Rule of Law Index ranked Singapore as 13th overall among the world's 126 countries for adherence to the.
Singapore ranked high on the factors of order and security 1absence of corruption 3regulatory enforcement 3civil justice 5and criminal justice 6but ranked significantly lower on factors of 25constraints on government powers 27and 30.
All public gatherings of five or more people require police permits, and protests may legally be held only at the.
Foreign relations Then Lee Kuan Yew and Ambassador to the US meeting with US Secretary of Defense during a visit in 2000.
Singapore's foreign policy is aimed at maintaining security in Southeast Ancien casino courmayeur and surrounding territories.
An underlying principle is political and economic stability in the region.
It has diplomatic relations with more than 180 sovereign states.
The is second in the world after Japan for visa-free travel granted by the most countries to its citizens.
As Singapore has diplomatic relations with both andand was one of the few countries that have relationships with both countries, on 12 June 2018, Singapore hosted between U.
President andthe first-ever meeting between the sitting leaders of the two nations.
The summit took place at the on the island of.
It has also hosted the on 7 November 2015.
As one of the five founding members of ASEAN, it is a strong supporter of the AFTA and the ASEAN Investment Area, because Singapore's economy is closely linked to that of the region as a whole.
Former Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong proposed the formation of ana step beyond the current AFTA, bringing it closer to a.
This was agreed to in 2007 for implementation by 2015.
Other regional organisations are important to Singapore, and it is the host of the APEC Secretariat.
Singapore maintains membership in other regional organisations, such asthetheand the.
It is also a member of the Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth.
While Singapore is not a formal member of theit has been invited to participate in G20 processes in most years since 2010.
Prime Minister Lee met with of the United States a day before the historic held in Singapore.
In general, bilateral relations with other ASEAN members are strong; however, disagreements have arisen, and relations with neighbouring and have sometimes been strained.
Malaysia and Singapore have clashed over the delivery of to Singapore, and access by the Singapore Armed Forces to Malaysian airspace.
Border issues exist with Malaysia and Indonesia, and both have banned the sale of marine sand to Singapore over disputes about Singapore's land reclamation.
Some previous disputes, such as thehave been resolved by the.
Piracy in the has been a cause of concern for all three countries.
Close economic ties exist withand the two share a pegged currency value, through a Currency Interchangeability Agreement between the two countries which makes both and banknotes and coins legal tender in either country.
Prime Minister Lee at the 2017 in Germany.
Singapore has been invited to participate in G20 processes in most years since 2010.
The first diplomatic contact with China was made in the 1970s, with full diplomatic relations established in the 1990s.
Since then the two countries have been major players in strengthening the ASEAN—China relationship, and has maintained a long-standing and greatly prioritised close relationship partly due to China's growing influence and essentiality in the Asia-Pacific region, specifying that "its common interest with China is far greater than any differences".
Furthermore, Singapore has positioned itself as a strong supporter of China's constructive engagement and peaceful development in the region.
In addition, China has been Singapore's largest trading partner since 2013, after surpassing Malaysia.
Singapore and the United States share a long-standing close relationship, in particular in defence, the economy, health, and education.
Singapore has also pushed regional counter-terrorism initiatives, with a strong resolve to deal with terrorists inside its borders.
To this end, the country has stepped up co-operation with ASEAN members and China to strengthen regional security and fight terrorism, as well as participating in the organisation's first joint maritime exercise with the latter.
It has also given support to the US-led coalition to fight terrorism, with bilateral co-operation in counter-terrorism and counter-proliferation initiatives, and joint military exercises.
Military 's are variants 40 units.
Pilots also train inand the due to severe airspace constraints.
The Singaporean military is arguably the most technologically advanced in Southeast Asia.
It comprises the, and.
It is seen as the guarantor of the country's independence.
This principle translates into the culture, involving all citizens in the country's defence.
The government spends 4.
After its independence, Singapore had two regiments commanded by British officers.
This force was considered too small to provide effective security for the new country, singapore casinos map the development of its military forces became a priority.
Britain pulled its military out of Singapore in October 1971, leaving behind only a small British, Australian and New Zealand force as a token military presence.
The last British soldier left Singapore in March 1976.
New Zealand troops were the last to leave, in 1989.
Republic of Singapore Navy's and sailing line-abreast during.
A great deal of initial support came froma country that is not recognised by the neighbouring nations of Malaysia, Indonesia, or Brunei.
The main fear after independence was an invasion by Malaysia.
IDF commanders were tasked with creating the Singapore Armed Forces SAF from scratch, and Israeli instructors were brought in to train Singaporean soldiers.
Military courses were conducted according to the IDF's format, and Singapore adopted a system of conscription and reserve service based on model.
Singapore still maintains strong security ties with Israel and is one of the biggest buyers of Israeli arms and weapons systems.
The anti-tank weapon is one example of recent Singaporean—Israeli collaboration.
The SAF is being developed to respond to a wide range of issues, in both conventional and unconventional warfare.
The is responsible for procuring resources for the military.
The geographic restrictions of Singapore mean that the SAF must plan to fully repulse an attack, as they cannot fall back and re-group.
The small size of the population has also affected the way the SAF has been designed, with a small active force but a large number of reserves.
The building within the Singapore has for all able-bodied males at age 18, except those with a criminal record or who can prove that their loss would bring hardship to their families.
Males who have yet to complete pre-university education or are awarded the scholarship can opt to defer their draft.
Though not required to perform military service, the number of women in the SAF has been increasing: since 1989 they have been allowed to fill military vocations formerly reserved for men.
Before induction into a specific branch of the armed forces, recruits undergo at least 9 weeks of basic military training.
Because of article source scarcity of open land on the main island, training involving activities such as live firing and is often carried out on smaller islands, typically barred to civilian access.
This also avoids risk to the main island and the city.
However, large-scale drills are considered too dangerous to be performed in the area, and since 1975 have been performed in Taiwan.
Training is also held in about a dozen other countries.
In general, military exercises are held with foreign forces once or twice per week.
In Afghanistan, Singapore troops were first deployed in 2007 on counter-terrorism missions as part of a multinational coalition.
Due to airspace and land constraints, the Republic of Singapore Air Force RSAF maintains a number of overseas bases in Australia, the United States, and France.
The RSAF's 130 Squadron is based in, and its is based in the .
The RSAF has one squadron—the 150 Squadron—based in in southern France.
The RSAF also has a few overseas detachments in the United States, in Trump casino Diego, California,andamong others.
The SAF has sent forces to assist in operations outside the country, in areas such as andin both military and civilian roles.
In the region, it has helped stabilise and has provided aid to in Indonesia following the.
In 2014, the RSN deployed two ships, the RSS Resolute and the Tenacious to the to aid in counter efforts as part of.
The SAF also helped in relief efforts during and.
Singapore is part of thea military alliance with Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.
Human rights Main articles: and In 2018, Singapore was ranked 151st out of 180 nations by in the.
The government has restricted and and has limited other and political rights.
The right to freedom of speech and association guaranteed by is click here by the subsequent subsection 2 of the same Article.
Singapore law dating from 1938 bans sexual relations between men.
Geography An outline of Singapore and the surrounding islands and waterways Singapore consists ofincluding the main here />There are two-man-made connections to Johor, Malaysia: the in the north and the in the west.
The auxerre drive casino geant natural point is at 163.
Under British rule, and the were part of Singapore, but were later transferred over to in 1957.
Ongoing projects have increased Singapore's land area from 581.
The country is projected to grow to 766 km 2 300 sq mi by 2030.
Some projects involve merging smaller islands through land reclamation to form larger, more functional islands, as has been done with Jurong Island.
The type of sand used in reclamation is found in rivers and beaches, rather than deserts, and is in great demand worldwide.
In 2010 Singapore imported almost 15 million tons of sand for its projects, the demand being such that Indonesia, Malaysia, and Vietnam have all restricted or barred the export of sand to Singapore in recent years.
As a result, in 2016 Singapore switched to using — a solution — to reclamation, in which an area is enclosed and then pumped dry.
Nature Singapore Botanic Gardens is a — one of three gardens in the world, and the only tropical garden to be recognised.
Singapore's urbanisation means that it has lost 95% of its historical forests, and now over half of the naturally occurring and in Singapore is present in nature reserves, such as the and thewhich comprise only 0.
To combat this decline, in 1967 the government introduced the vision of making Singapore a "garden city" continue reading to soften the harshness of urbanisation and improve the quality of https://festes.ru/casino/horseshoe-casino-in-chicago.html />Since then, nearly 10% of Singapore's land has been set aside for parks and.
The government also has.
Singapore's well known gardens include thea 150-year-old tropical garden and Singapore's first UNESCOanda popular tourist attraction.
Climate Singapore has a : Af with no distinctive seasons, uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity, and abundant rainfall.
Since this tropical rainforest climate is more subject to the than the and are very rare, it is equatorial.
Temperatures usually range from 25 to 35 °C 77 to 95 °F.
While temperature does not vary greatly throughout the year, there is a wetter season from November to January.
From July to October, there is often caused by in neighbouring Indonesia, usually from the island of.
Although Singapore does not observe DSTit follows the GMT+8 time zone, one hour ahead of the typical zone for its geographical location.
This has caused the sun to rise and set particularly late during January and February periods, where the sun rises at 7:20 am and sets around 7:25 pm.
During July, the sun sets at around 7:15 pm, similar to other cities at much higher latitudes such as and Tokyo.
The earliest the sun sets and rises is in October and November when the sun rises at 6:45 am and sets at 6:50 pm.
Singapore remains highly vulnerable to the risk of climate change especially with regards to the rising sea level.
Climate data for Singapore Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C °F 35.
Along with Hong Kong,andSingapore is one of the originalbut has surpassed its peers in terms of GDP per capita.
Between 1965 and 1995, growth rates averaged around 6 per cent per annum, transforming the living standards of the population.
The Singaporean economy is known as one of the freest, most innovative, most competitive, most dynamic and most business-friendly.
The ranks Singapore as the second freest economy in the world and the has also ranked Singapore as the easiest place to do business for the past decade.
According to theSingapore is consistently perceived as one of the least corrupt countries in the world, along with and the Scandinavian countries.
In 2016, Singapore is rated the world's most expensive city for the third consecutive year by the Economist Intelligence Unit.
For several years, Singapore has been one of the few countries with an AAA credit rating from theand the only Asian country to achieve this rating.
Singapore attracts a large amount of foreign investment as a result of its location, skilled workforce, low tax rates, advanced infrastructure and zero-tolerance against corruption.
Singapore has the world's eleventhand one of the highest.
There are more than 7,000 multinational corporations from the United States, Japan, and Europe in Singapore.
There are also approximately 1,500 companies from China and a similar number from India.
Roughly 44 percent of the Singaporean workforce is made up of non-Singaporeans.
Over ten have been signed with other countries and regions.
Despite market freedom, Singapore's government operations have a significant stake in the economy, contributing 22% of the GDP.
Singapore is the second-largest foreign investor in India.
It is the 14th largest exporter and the 15th largest importer in the world.
Economy Statistics Recent Years : Year 2011 To Year 2014 Sources: Year GDP Nominal Billion GDP Nominal Per Capita Billion Nominal Billion GNI Nominal Per Capita Foreign Reserves Billion Avg.
Exchange Rate 1 to 2011 346.
It is interchangeable with the at since 1967, owing this web page their historically close relations.
MAS manages its by allowing the Singapore dollar to rise or fall within an undisclosed trading band.
This is different from mostwhich use to manage policy.
Australian millionaire retailer and multi-billionaire Facebook co-founder are two examples of wealthy individuals who have settled in Singapore Blundy in 2013 and Saverin in 2012.
In 2009, Singapore was removed from the OCDE "liste grise" of tax havens, but ranked fourth on the 's 2015 of the world's off-shore financial service providers, banking one-eighth of the world's off-shore capital, while "providing numerous tax avoidance and evasion opportunities".
In August 2016, reported that Indonesia had decided to create tax havens on two islands near Singapore to bring Indonesian capital back into the tax base.
In October 2016, the Monetary Authority of Singapore admonished and fined and and withdrew 's banking licence for their alleged role in the Malaysian Sovereign Fund scandal.
Singapore has the world's highest percentage of millionaires, with one out of every six households having at least one million US dollars in disposable wealth.
This excludes property, businesses, and luxury goods, which if included would increase the number of millionaires, especially as property in Singapore is among the world's most expensive.
Singapore does not have abelieving that it would lower its competitiveness.
It also has one of the among.
Employment Main article: Singapore traditionally has one of the lowest among developed countries.
The unemployment rate did not exceed 4% from 2005 to 2014, hitting highs of 3.
more info government provides numerous assistance programmes to the homeless and needy through theso acute poverty is rare.
Some of the programmes include providing between SGD400 and SGD1000 per month to needy households, providing free medical care at government hospitals, and paying for children's school fees.
Although it has been recognised that foreign workers are crucial to the country's economy, the government is considering capping these workers, as foreign workers make up 80% of the construction industry and up to 50% of the service industry.
The Immigrations and Checkpoints authority publishes a number of criteria for eligibility for permanent residence.
A view of the cityscape and anchored ships from Singapore's Eastern Anchorage off the Industry sectors Globally, Singapore is a leader in several economic sectors, including being 3rd-largest centre, 3rd-leading2nd-largest casino gambling market, 3rd-largest oil-refining and trading centre, world's largest oil-rig producer and major hub for ship repair services, world's top logistics hub.
Singapore Exports by Product 2014 The economy is https://festes.ru/casino/greyhound-casino-tours.html, with its top contributors—financial services, manufacturing, oil-refining.
Its main exports are refined petroleum, integrated circuits and computers which constituted 27% of the country's GDP in 2010, and includes significant electronics, check this out refining, chemicals, mechanical engineering and biomedical sciences sectors.
In 2006, Singapore produced about 10% of the world's foundry output.
Singapore's largest companies are in the telecoms, banking, transportation and manufacturing sectors, many of which started as state-run enterprises, and has since been listed on theincluding Singtel,OCBCDBSUOB.
In 2011, amidst the global financial crisis, OCBC, DBS and UOB were ranked as the world's 1st, 5th, 6th "strongest banks in the world" respectively by Bloomberg surveys.
The nation's best known global brands includeandall three are amongst the most-awarded in their respective industry sectors.
Singapore Airlines is ranked as Asia's most-admired company, and world's 19th most-admired in 2015, by 's annual "50 most admired companies in the world" industry surveys.
It is also the world's most awarded airline, including "Best international airline", by US-based reader surveys, for 20 consecutive years.
The strategic international air hub has more than 480 "World's Best Airport" awards as of 2015and is known as the most-awarded airport in the world.
Tourism is the mythical symbol of Singapore and one of the most popular tourist attractions on the island.
To expand the sector, casinos were legalised in 2005, but only two licences for "" were issued, to control money laundering and addiction.
Singapore also promotes itself as a hub: about 200,000 foreigners seek medical care there each year.
In 2015, and listed Singapore as their top and 6th best world destination to visit respectively.
Singapore is an education hub, with more than 80,000 international students in 2006.
In 2009, 20% of all students in Singaporean universities were international students—the maximum cap allowed, a majority from ASEAN, China and India.
Infrastructure Information and communications The oversees the development ofMedia and.
Information and communications technologies ICT is one of the pillars of Singapore's economic success.
However, Singapore's mass communications networks, including television and phone networks, have long been operated by the government.
When Singapore first came online, Singaporeans could use Teleview to communicate with one another, but not with those outside of their sovereign city-state.
Publications such as The Wall Street Journal were censored.
The 'Intelligent Island' is a term used to describe Singapore in the 1990s, in reference to the island nation's early adaptive relationship with the internet.
The 's 2015 placed Singapore as the most "Tech-Ready Nation".
It is the most comprehensive survey of the pervasiveness and network-readiness of a country, in terms of market, political and regulatory infrastructure for connectivity.
Singapore has also topped 's International e-Government rankings from 2009 to 2013, and 2015.
Singapore has the world's highest penetration rates, in surveys by and Google Consumer Barometer — at 89% and 85% of the population respectively in 2014.
Overall mobile phone penetration rate is at 148 mobile phone subscribers per 100 people.
Transport continues to expand with the and a 5th Terminal by 2030.
As Singapore is a small island with a high population density, the number of private cars on the road is restricted to curb pollution and congestion.
Car buyers must pay for duties one-and-a-half times the vehicle's market value, and bid for a Singaporean COEwhich allows the car to run on the road for a decade.
The cost of the Singaporean certificate of entitlement alone would buy a in the United States.
Car prices are generally significantly higher in Singapore than in other English-speaking countries.
As with most Commonwealth countries, vehicles on the road and people walking on the streets keep to the left.
Singapore has a covering 3,356 kilometres 2,085 miwhich includes 161 kilometres 100 mi.
Theimplemented in 1975, became the world's first scheme, and included other complementary measures such as stringent car ownership quotas and improvements in mass transit.
Upgraded in 1998 and renamedthe system introducedelectronic detection, and video surveillance technology.
The world's first urban scheme.
Fully automated by in 1998.
A will replace physical gantries by 2020 Singaporean residents also travel by e-scooters, bicycles,and train or.
Two companies run the train transport system— and.
Four companies, Go-Ahead, Tower-Transit, SBS Transit and run the public buses under a 'Bus Contracting Model' where operators bid for routes.
There are sixwho together put out over 28,000 taxis on the road.
Taxis are a popular form of public transport as the fares are relatively cheap compared to many other developed countries.
Singapore is a major international in Asia, serving some of the busiest sea and air trade routes.
There are eight airports around Singapore, but besides Changi Airport, the other seven are not open to the public - gras casino seating chart,, and.
It has been rated one of the best international airports by international travel magazines, including being rated as the world's best airport for the first time in 2006 by.
Themanaged by port operators andwas the world's second-busiest port in 2005 in terms of shipping tonnage handled, at 1.
It is also the world's second-busiest, behind Shanghai, in terms of cargo tonnage with 423 million tons handled.
In addition, the port is the world's busiest for traffic and the world's biggest ship refuelling centre.
See also: Access to water is universal, affordable, efficient and of high quality.
Singapore relies on four main water sources, or "four national taps" - water imported from neighbouring Malaysia,and seawater.
Singapore's approach does not rely only on physical infrastructure, but it also emphasises proper legislation and enforcement, water pricing, public education as well as research and development.
Singapore has declared that it will be water self-sufficient by the time its 1961 long-term water supply agreement with Malaysia expires in 2061.
According to analysis by the in 2003, Singapore would already be water self-sufficient by 2011 and "the 'water threat' is less than what it seems to be".
However, according to official forecasts water demand in Singapore is expected to double from 380 to 760 million gallons per day between 2010 and 2060.
The increase is expected to come primarily from non-domestic water use, which accounted for 55% of water demand in 2010 and is expected to account for 70% of demand in 2060.
By that time water demand is expected to be met by reclaimed water at the tune of 50% and by desalination accounting for 30%, compared to only 20% supplied by internal catchments.
Due to the need to invest in and upgrade the water system to address concerns such as and increasing costs of producing water and maintaining water infrastructure, water prices in Singapore has been revised since 2017, its first revision since 2000.
Demographics Chinese and Malay women in Singapore, circa 1890.
To promote social cohesion between races, a unique is celebrated on 21 July every year As of mid-2018, the estimated population of Singapore was 5,638,700 people, 3,471,900 61.
According to the country's most recent census in 2010, nearly 23% of Singaporean residents i.
The same census also reports that about 74.
Prior to 2010, each person could register as a member of only one race, by default that of his or her father, therefore mixed-race persons were solely grouped under their father's race in government censuses.
From 2010 onward, people may register using a multi-racial classification, in which they may choose one primary race and one secondary race, but no more than two.
Singapore's successful housing policies evolves with new designs.
However, due to scarcity of land, 80.
Live-in foreign are quite common in Singapore, https://festes.ru/casino/ruby-casino-tms.html about 224,500 foreign domestic workers there, as of December 2013.
The median age of Singaporean residents was 40.
To overcome this problem, the Singapore government has been encouraging foreigners to immigrate to Singapore for the past few decades.
The large number of immigrants has kept Singapore's population from declining.
All male citizens and permanent residents in Singapore have a statutory requirement to undergo a period of compulsory service in the uniformed services, known as or NS for shortas well as periodic reservist duties after completion of active duty.
The next-most practised religion isfollowed by, and.
The proportion of Christians, Taoists, and non-religious people increased between 2000 and 2010 by about 3 percentage points each, whilst the proportion of Buddhists decreased.
Other faiths remained largely stable in their share of the population.
An analysis by the found Singapore to be the world's most religiously diverse nation.
There are monasteries and centres from all three major traditions of Buddhism in Singapore:, and.
Most Buddhists in Singapore are Chinese and are of the Mahayana tradition, with missionaries having come into the country from China for several decades.
However, has seen growing popularity among the populace not only the Chinese during the past decade.
The religion ofa Japanese Buddhist organisation, is practised by many people in Singapore, but mostly by those of Chinese descent.
this orlando casino boat think is the common language, and is the language of business and government, and the medium of instruction in schools.
English is the native tongue for only one-third of all Singaporeans, with roughly a quarter of all Singaporean Malays, a third of all Singaporean Chinese, and half of all Singaporean Indians speaking it as their native tongue.
Twenty percent of Singaporeans cannot read or write in English.
Clan associations play an important role in preserving ethnic dialects and cultural practices, particularly in the early years.
Singaporeans are mostlywith English as their common language and usually the as a second language taught in schools, in order to preserve each individual's ethnic identity and values.
The official languages amongst Singaporeans are English 80% literacyMandarin 65% literacyMalay 17% literacyand Tamil 4% literacy.
Singlish is discouraged by the government.
English is the language spoken by most Singaporeans at home, 36.
Nearly half a million speak othermainly, andas their home language, are kootenai casino rv All the use of these is declining in favour of Mandarin and English.
A multilingual warning sign in Singapore's four official languages: English, Chinese, Tamil, Malay.
It has a symbolic, rather than functional purpose.
It is used in the national anthem "Majulah Singapura", in citations ofand in military commands.
In general, Malay is spoken mainly within the Singaporean Malay community, with only 17% of all Singaporeans literate in it and only 12% using it as their native language.
While Singaporean Malay is officially written in the Latin-basedsome Singaporean Malays still learn the Arabic-based maquinas de casino nombres children alongside Rumi, and Jawi is considered an ethnic script for use on Singaporean Identity Cards.
Around 100,000 Singaporeans, or 3% of the population, speak Tamil singapore casinos map their native language.
Tamil has official status in Singapore and there have been no attempts to discourage the use of other Indian languages.
Education is one of six in the city-state The education system in Singapore has been noted to be one of the best in the world.
Singapore students excelled in most of the world education benchmarks in maths, science and reading.
In 2015, both its primary and secondary students rank first in global school performance rankings across 76 countries—described as the most comprehensive map of education standards.
In 2016, Singapore students topped both the PISA and the TIMSS.
In the 2015 exams taken in 107 countries, Singapore students fared best with more than half of the world's 81 perfect scorers and 98% continue reading rate.
In the 2016 EF English Proficiency Index taken in 72 countries, Singapore place 6th and has been the only Asian country in the top ten.
Singapore literature students have won the Angus Ross Prize by Cambridge Examinations every year since 1987 except in 2000awarded to the top A-level English literature student outside Britain, with about 12,000 international candidates.
Education for primary, secondary, and tertiary levels is mostly supported by the state.
All institutions, private and public, must be registered with the.
English is the language of instruction in all public schools, and all subjects are taught and examined in English except for the "" language paper.
While the term "mother tongue" in general refers to the first language internationally, in Singapore's education system, it is used to refer to the second language, as English is the first language.
Students who have been abroad for a while, or who struggle with their "Mother Tongue" language, are allowed to take a simpler syllabus or drop the subject.
Education takes place in three stages: primary, secondary, and pre-university education.
Only the primary level is compulsory.
Students begin with six years of primary school, which is made up of a four-year foundation course and a two-year orientation stage.
The curriculum is focused on the development of English, the mother tongue,and.
Secondary school lasts from four to five years, and is divided between Special, Express, Normal Academicand Normal Technical streams in each school, depending on a student's ability level.
The basic coursework breakdown is the same as in the primary level, although classes are much more specialised.
Pre-university education takes place over two to three years at senior schools, mostly called.
As alternatives to Pre-U education, however, courses are offered in other post-secondary education institutions, including 5 polytechnics and the institutes of technical education ITEs.
Singapore has six public universities of which the and are among the top 20 universities in the world.
National examinations are standardised across all schools, with a test taken after each stage.
After the first six years of education, students take the PSLEwhich determines their placement at secondary school.
At the end of the secondary stage, GCE or "N"-level exams are taken; at the end of the following pre-university stage, the exams are taken.
Some schools have a degree of freedom in their curriculum and are known as autonomous schools, for level and above.
Healthcare is the second largest hospital in the city, serving one million patients yearly.
Singapore has a generally efficient healthcare system, even though health expenditures are relatively low for developed countries.
The ranks Singapore's healthcare system as 6th overall in the world in its.
In general, Singapore has had the for the past two decades.
Life expectancy in Singapore is 80 for males and 85 for females, placing the countryas almost the whole population has access to improved water and facilities.
As of December 2011 and January 2013, 8,800 foreigners and 5,400 Singaporeans were respectively diagnosed with HIV, but there are fewer than 10 annual deaths from HIV per 100,000 people.
There is a high level of.
Thein its 2013 "", ranked Singapore as having the best quality of life in Asia and sixth overall in the world.
The government's healthcare system is based upon the "3M" framework.
This has three components: Medifund, which provides a safety net for those not able to otherwise afford healthcare,a compulsory national system covering about 85% of the population, and Medishield, a government-funded health insurance program.
Public hospitals in Singapore have a considerable autonomy in their management decisions, and notionally compete for patients, however they remain in government ownership and government appoints their boards and Chief Executive Officers and management reports and is responsible to these boards.
A subsidy scheme exists for those on low income.
In 2008, 32% of healthcare was funded by the government.
It accounts for approximately 3.
Culture A street market in during holidays.
In Chinese culture, red is the most auspicious colour representing good fortune and happiness.
Despite its small size, Singapore has a diversity of languages, religions, and cultures.
Former Prime Ministers of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew and Goh Chok Tong, have stated that Singapore does not fit the traditional description of a nation, calling it a society-in-transition, pointing out the fact that Singaporeans do not all speak the same language, share the same religion, or have the same customs.
Even though English is the first language of the nation, according to the 2010 census, 20% of Singaporeans are in English.
This is however an improvement from 1990, when 40% of Singaporeans were illiterate in English.
Ornate details on top of Sri Mariamman Temple in Chinatown district, Singapore's oldest Hindu link since 1827 From 1819, it served as a trading port for British ships on their way to India.
Being a major trading hub and its close proximity to its neighbour Malaysia, Singapore was prone to many foreign influences, both from Britain and from other Asian countries.
Chinese and Indian workers moved to Singapore to work at the harbour.
The country remained a British colony until 1942.
When Singapore became independent from the United Kingdom in 1963, most Singaporean citizens were uneducated labourers from Malaysia, China and.
There was also a sizeable minority of middle-class, locally born people—known as or Baba-Nyonya—descendants of 15th- and 16th-century Chinese immigrants.
With the exception of the Peranakans who pledged their loyalties to Singapore, most of the labourers' loyalties lay with their respective homelands of Malaysia, China and India.
After independence, the government began a deliberate process of crafting a Singaporean identity and culture.
Kampong Glam was the 23-hectare home of Malay royalty from 1824.
Conserved as a historic area, it includes the and the.
Each Singaporean's behaviours and attitudes are influenced by, among other things, his or her home and his religion.
Singaporeans who speak English as their native language tend to lean towardwhile those who speak Chinese as their native language tend to lean toward and.
Malay-speaking Singaporeans tend to lean towardwhich itself is closely linked to.
Racial and religious harmony is regarded by Singaporeans as a crucial part of Singapore's success, and played a part in building a Singaporean identity.
The national flower of Singapore is the, named in memory of a Singapore-born woman, who crossbred the flower in her garden at in 1893.
Many national symbols such as the and the make use of the lion, as Singapore is known as the Lion City.
Major religious festivals are.
Singapore has a reputation as a.
The government also places heavy emphasis onwhere one is judged based on one's ability.
Arts The oversees the world's largest public collection of Singapore and Southeast Asian art Since the 1990s when the was created to spearhead the development of performing arts, visual and literary art forms, to hasten a vibrant cosmopolitan "gateway between the East and West".
The is the nation's flagship museum with some 8,000 works of Singapore and South East Asian artists.
The focuses on contemporary art.
The Design Museum celebrates exceptional art and design of objects for everyday life, from more than 1,000 items from 50 countries.
The lotus-shaped host touring exhibitions that combine art with the sciences.
Other major museums include the.
Esplanade performing arts centre, fronting.
Some of the major music and dance groups include the, Literature of Singapore, or SingLit, comprises a collection of literary works by Singaporeans written chiefly in the country's four official languages:, and.
It is increasingly regarded as having four sub-literatures instead of one.
Many significant works has been translated and showcased in publications such as the literary journal Singa, published in the 1980s and 1990s with editors including andas well as in multilingual anthologies such as Rhythms: A Singaporean Millennial Anthology Of Poetry 2000in which the poems were all translated three times each into the three languages.
A number of Singaporean writers such as and have contributed work in more than one language, although such cross-linguistic fertilisation is becoming increasingly rare.
Western classical music plays a significant role in the cultural life in Singapore, with the SSO instituted in 1979.
Other notable western orchestras in Singapore include which is funded by the Ministry of Education and the community-based.
Many orchestras and ensembles are also found in secondary schools and junior colleges.
Various communities have their own distinct ethnic musical traditions: Chinese, Malays, Indians, and Eurasians.
With their traditional forms of music and various modern musical styles, the fusion of different forms account for the musical diversity in the country.
The visit web page lively urban musical scene has made it a centre for international performances and festivals in the region.
Some of Singapore's best known pop singers includes,andwho is famous for composing National Day theme songs, including Home.
Cuisine Main article: Dining is said to be Singaporeans' national pastime, and even an obsession for many.
Singapore's diversity of cuisine is touted as a reason to visit the country, one of the best locations when it comes to a combination of convenience, variety, quality and price.
The city-state has a burgeoning food scene ranging from hawker centres open-airfood courts air-conditionedcoffee with blacklist casino asia opinion open-air with up to a dozen hawker stallscafes, fast food, simple kitchens, casual, celebrity and high-end restaurants.
Every day, two new restaurants open in Singapore.
Many international restaurants are located within the.
Religious dietary strictures exist — Muslims do not eat pork and Hindus do not eat beef, and there is also a significant group of vegetarians.
For most events, organisers will be mindful of them and cater food that is acceptable to all or provide choices for the ethnic minorities.
The which celebrates Singapore's cuisine is held in July annually.
Hawker Centres in the midst of the financial district.
In Singapore, street food has long migrated into with communal seating areas.
Typically, these centres have a few dozen to hundreds of food stalls, with each specialising in a single or a number of related dishes.
The choices are almost overwhelming even for locals.
Although cooked food that originates from or still sold on streets can be found in many countries, the variety and reach of centralised hawker centres that serve heritage street food in Singapore is unmatched elsewhere.
In 2018, there are 114 hawker centres spread across the city centre and heartland housing estates.
They are maintained by thewhich also grade each food stall for hygiene.
The largest hawker centre is located on the second floor of Chinatown Complex with over 200 stalls.
Two street food stalls in the city are the first in the world to be awarded a Michelin star each.
Local food items generally belong to a particular ethnicity — Chinese, Malay and Indian; but diversity of prinzregentenstr eisbach casino am münchen has increased further by the "hybridisation" of different styles e.
In hawker centres, cultural diffusion can also be noted when traditionally Malay hawker stalls also sells Tamil food.
Chinese stalls may introduce Malay ingredients, cooking techniques or entire dishes into their range of catering.
This continues to make the cuisine of Singapore significantly rich and a cultural attraction.
Sport and recreation The 's retractable roof holds the world's 'largest dome structure' record The development of private sports and recreation clubs began in the 19th century colonial Singapore, such as the Cricket Club, Singapore Recreation Club, Singapore Swimming Club, Hollandse Club and others.
Water sports are some of the most popular in Singapore.
At the 2016 Rio Olympics, won Singapore's first Olympic gold medal, claiming the 100-metre butterfly in a new Olympic record time of 50.
Three swimmers includingwere in an unprecedented three-way tie for silver.
Singapore sailors have had success on the international stage, with their team being considered among the best in the world.
Despite its size, the country has dominated swim meets in the SEA.
Its men water polo team has won the SEA Games gold medal for the 27th time in 2017, continuing Singapore sport's longest winning streak.
Three swimmers including were in a historic three-way tie for silver.
Singapore's table tennis women team reached their peak as silver medalists at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
They were also world champions in 2010 when they beat China at the World Team Table Tennis Championships in Russia, breaking the latter's 19-year winning streak.
Weightlifter was Singapore's first Olympic medalist, winning a silver at the 1960 Rome Games.
Singapore's football league, thelaunched in 1996, currently comprises nine clubs, including two foreign teams.
please click for sourceformerly the Hunter Pirates in theis one of the inaugural teams in the which was founded in October 2009.
Singapore began hosting a round of thethe at the in 2008.
It was the inaugural F1 night race, and the first F1 street race in Asia.
It is considered a signature event on the F1 calendar.
Singapore hosted the inauguralin which 3,600 athletes from 204 nations competed in 26 sports.
The island is home tothe biggest promotion in Asia.
Media Main article: Companies linked to the government control much of the domestic media in Singapore.
There are a total of seven free-to-air TV channels offered by Mediacorp.
Cable Vision SCV also offers cable television with channels from all around the world, and 's provides an service.
Singapore's media industry has sometimes been criticised for being overly regulated and lacking in freedom by human rights groups such as.
Self-censorship among journalists is said to be common.
In 2014, Singapore dipped to its lowest ranking ever 153rd of 180 nations on the published by the French.
The regulates Singaporean media, claiming to balance the demand for choice and protection against offensive and harmful material.
Private ownership of TV satellite dishes is banned.
In 2016, there were an estimated 4.
The Singapore government does not engage in widespread censoring of the internet, but it maintains a list of one hundred websites—mostly pornographic—that it blocks as a "symbolic statement of the Singaporean community's stand on harmful and undesirable content on the Internet".
As the block covers only home internet access, users may still visit the blocked websites from their office computers.
Total Australian casualties included 1,789 killed and 1,306 wounded.
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It lies one degree 137 kilometres or 85 miles north of theat the southern tip of thewith 's to the south and to the north.
Singapore's territory consists of one along with.
Since independence, extensive has increased its total size by 23% 130 square kilometres or 50 square miles.
The country is known for its transition from a to a one in a single generation under the leadership of its founding Prime Minister.
In 1819, Sir founded as a trading post of the.
After the company's in 1858, the islands were ceded to the as a crown colony.
During theSingapore was.
It gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 by joining along with other former British territories andbut separated two years later overbecoming a sovereign state in 1965.
After early years of and despite lacking natural resources and athe nation developed rapidly as an economy, based on external trade and its.
Singapore is a global hub for education, entertainment, finance,logistics, manufacturing, technology, tourism, trade, and.
The city ranks highly inand has been recognised as the most "" nationtopcity with "best investment potential" BERI, world's safest country, world's most competitive economy, recently over-taking and.
It is identified as a.
Singapore is the only country in Asia with an AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies, and.
Globally, the and have held the titles of click "Maritime Capital" and "Best Airport" respectively for consecutive years, while is the 2018 "World's Best Airline".
Singapore ranks 9th on the UN with the 3rd.
It is placed highly in key social indicators:, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety and housing.
Although90% of homes are owner-occupied.
According to thethe country is described as a "flawed democracy".
The city-state is home to 5.
There are four official :,and ; most Singaporeans are bilingual and English serves as the nation'swhile Malay is the national language.
Its is reflected in its extensive ethnic and major.
Singapore is a with a of parliamentary government.
The has won every election since self-government began in 1959.
As one of the five founding members ofSingapore is the host of the APEC Secretariat and PECC Secretariat, as well as many international conferences and click to see more />It is also a member of theand the.
Main article: The English name of Singapore is an of the native name for the country, Singapura, which was in turn derived from: Siṃhapura; siṃha is "lion", pura is "town" or "city"hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City, and its inclusion in many of the nation's symbols e.
However, it is unlikely that lions ever lived on the island;the prince said to have founded and named the island Singapura, perhaps saw a.
There are however other suggestions for the origin of the name and scholars do not believe that the origin of the name is firmly established.
The central island has also been called as far back as the third century CE, literally "island at the end" of the in Malay.
Singapore is also referred to as the Garden City for its tree-lined streets and greening efforts since independence, and the for how the island-nation is depicted on many maps of the world and Asia, as a red dot.
Singapore is also referred to as the "Switzerland of Asia" in 2017 due to its on international and regional issues.
History Main article: Historical affiliations 650—1377 1299—1398 1400—1511 1528—1819 1819—1826 1826—1942 1942—1945 1945—1946 1946—1963 1963—1965 also known as Republic of Singapore 1965—present Ancient Singapore The Greco-Roman astronomer 90—168 identified a place called Sabana in the general area in the second century, and the earliest written record of Singapore occurs in a Chinese account from the third century, describing the island of Pu Luo Chung.
This was itself a transliteration from the name "", or "island at the end" of the.
Thea epic poem written in 1365, referred to a settlement on the island called possibly meaning "Sea Town".
In 1299, according to thethe was founded on the island by.
Although the historicity of the accounts as given in the Malay Annals is the subject of academic debates, it is nevertheless known from various documents that Singapore in the 14th century, then known aswas a trading port under the influence of both the Empire and the kingdoms and was a part of the of.
These Indianized Kingdoms, a term coined by were characterised by surprising resilience, political integrity and administrative stability.
Historical sources also indicate that around the end of the 14th century, its ruler was attacked by either the Majapahit or the Siamese, forcing him to move on to where he founded the.
Archaeological evidence suggests that the main settlement on was abandoned around this time, although a small trading settlement continued in Singapore for some time afterwards.
In 1613, raiders burned down the settlement, and the island faded into obscurity for the next two centuries.
By then Singapore was nominally part of the.
The wider maritime region and much trade was under Dutch control for the following period after the Dutch's conquest of Malacca.
British colonisation 1825 survey map.
Singapore's trade was at for 150 years.
The British governor arrived in Singapore on 28 January 1819 and soon recognised the island as a natural choice for the new port.
The island was then nominally ruled bythewho was controlled by the Dutch and the.
However, the was weakened by factional division; the or Chief Minister Tengku Abdu'r Rahman and his officials were loyal to Tengku Rahman's elder brother who was living in in.
With the Temenggong's help, Raffles managed to smuggle Tengku Long back into Singapore.
A formal treaty was signed on 6 February 1819 and modern Singapore was born.
In 1824, the entire island as well as the Temenggong became a British possession after a further treaty with the Sultan.
In 1826, Singapore became part of theunder the jurisdiction ofbecoming the regional capital in 1836.
Prior to Raffles' arrival, there were only about a thousand people living on the island, mostly along with a handful of Chinese.
By 1860 the population had swelled to over 80,000, link than half being Chinese.
Many of these early immigrants came to work on the pepper and plantations.
Later, in the 1890s, when the rubber industry also became established in and Singapore, the island became a global centre for rubber sorting and export.
Sir 's statue at the Singapore River spot where he first landed Singapore was not much affected by 1914—18 since the conflict did not spread to Southeast Asia.
The only significant event during the war was a by the from British India who were garrisoned in Singapore, which occurred in 1915.
After hearing rumours that they were to be sent off to fight thewhich was a Muslim state, the soldiers rebelled.
They killed their officers and several British civilians before the mutiny was suppressed by non-Muslim troops arriving from and.
Originally announced in 1923, the construction of the base proceeded slowly until the in 1931.
It was defended by heavy 15-inch naval guns stationed atand Labrador, as well as a airfield at.
Unfortunately, it was a base without a fleet.
The was stationed in Europe, and the British could not afford to build a second fleet to protect its interests in Asia.
The plan was for the Home Fleet to sail quickly to Singapore in the event of an emergency.
However, after broke out in 1939, the fleet was fully occupied with defending Britain.
World War II Main article: During thethe invadedculminating in the.
When the British force of 60,000 troops surrendered on 15 February 1942, British Prime Minister called the defeat "the worst disaster and largest capitulation in British history.
British losses during the fighting for Singapore were heavy, with a total of nearly 85,000 personnel captured, in addition to losses during the earlier fighting in Malaya.
About 5,000 were killed or wounded, of which Australians made up the majority.
Japanese casualties during the fighting in Singapore amounted to 1,714 killed and 3,378 wounded.
The occupation was to become a major turning point in the histories of several nations, including those of Japan, Britain, and the then-colonial state of Singapore.
Japanese newspapers triumphantly declared the victory as deciding the general situation of the war.
Between 5,000 and 25,000 ethnic Chinese people were killed in the subsequent.
British forces had in 1945; however, the war ended before these operations could be carried out.
It was by British, Indian and Australian forces following the in September.
Meanwhile, was tried by a US military commission for war crimes, but not for crimes committed by his troops in Malaya or Singapore.
He was convicted and hanged in the Philippines on 23 February 1946.
Post-war period British evacuation in 1945 after the.
After the to the Allies on 15 August 1945, Singapore fell into a brief state of violence and disorder; looting and revenge-killing were widespread.
British troops led by Lordforreturned to Singapore to receive formal surrender of the Japanese forces in the region from General on behalf of General on 12 September 1945, casino myrtle beach sc a British Military Administration was formed to govern the island until March 1946.
Much of the infrastructure had been destroyed during the war, including harbour facilities at the.
There was also a shortage of food leading to malnutrition, disease, and rampant crime and violence.
High food prices, unemployment, and workers' discontent culminated into a series of strikes in 1947 causing massive stoppages in public transport and other services.
By late 1947, the economy began to recover, facilitated by a growing demand for tin and rubber around the world, but it would take several more years before the economy returned to pre-war levels.
The failure of Britain to successfully defend Singapore had destroyed its credibility as an infallible ruler in the eyes of Singaporeans.
The decades after the war saw a political awakening amongst the local populace and the rise of and nationalist sentiments, epitomised by the sloganor "independence" in the Malay language.
The British, on their part, were prepared to gradually increase for Singapore and Malaya.
On 1 April 1946, the was dissolved and Singapore became a separate Crown Colony with a civil administration headed by a Governor.
In July 1947, separate Executive and Legislative Councils were established and the election of six members of the Legislative Council was scheduled in the following year.
Singapore thrives as an entrepot.
Bumboats used to transport cargoes and supplies between nearshore ships and Singapore River, c.
The, and in Singapore were all linked to these events.
He led a delegation to London, but Britain rejected his demand for complete self-rule.
He resigned and was replaced by in 1956, whose policies convinced Britain to grant Singapore full internal for all matters except defence and foreign affairs.
During thethe PAP won a landslide victory.
Singapore became an internally self-governing state within the Commonwealth, with as its first Prime Minister.
As a result, the 1959 general elections were the first after full internal was granted by the British authorities.
Singapore was not yet fully independent, as the British still controlled external affairs such as the military and foreign relations.
However, Singapore was now a recognised.
Sir served as the first Head of Stateand was succeeded by.
Merger with Malaysiathe first Prime Minister, is gananoque casino hours of operation recognised as Singapore's founding father.
Despite their successes in governing Singapore, the PAP leaders believed that Singapore's future lay with Malaya due to strong ties between the two nations.
It was thought that the merger would benefit the economy by creating a common market which will support new industries, solving the ongoing unemployment woes in Singapore.
However, a sizeable pro-communist wing of the PAP was strongly opposed to the merger, fearing a loss of influence, and hence formed thesplitting from the PAP.
This was because the ruling party of Malaya, UMNOwas staunchly anti-communist and would support the non-communist faction of PAP against them.
UMNO, who was initially sceptical of the idea of a merger as they distrust the PAP government and were concerned that the large Chinese population in Singapore would alter the racial balance on which their political power base depended, changed their minds about the merger after being afraid of being taken over by pro-communists.
On 27 May 1961, Malaya's Prime Minister,made a surprise proposal of acomprising existingSingapore, and the British Borneo territories of and.
The UMNO leaders believed that the additional Malay population in the Borneo territories would offset Singapore's Chinese population.
The British government, for its part, believed that the merger would prevent Singapore from becoming a haven for communism.
To secure the of the people, the PAP called for thewhich provided different terms for merger with Malaysia, but no options for avoiding it.
As a result, on 16 September 1963, joined with thethe and the to form the new federation of under the terms of thewith Singapore being granted a high level of autonomy compared to other states in Malaysia.
A symbol of Singapore, the was erected in 1964 Indonesia, however, opposed the formation of Malaysia over its own claims of Borneo and launched Confrontation in Indonesian.
On 10 March 1965, a bomb planted by Indonesian saboteurs on a mezzanine floor of MacDonald House exploded, killing three people and injuring 33 others.
It was the deadliest of at least 42 bomb incidents which occurred during the confrontation.
Two members of the Indonesian Marine Corps, Osman bin Haji Mohamed Ali and Harun bin Said, were eventually convicted and executed for the crime.
Despite an earlier agreement to establish a common market, Singapore continued to face restrictions when trading with the rest of Malaysia.
In retaliation, Singapore did not extend to Sabah and Sarawak the full extent of the loans agreed to for economic development of the two eastern states.
The situation escalated to such an intensity that talks soon broke down and abusive speeches and writing became rife on both sides.
This led to communal strife in Singapore, accumulating to the.
Because of this, on 7 August 1965, the thenseeing no alternative to avoid further bloodshed, advised the that it should vote to expel Singapore from Malaysia.
On 9 August 1965, the Malaysian Parliament voted 126 to 0 with Singaporean delegates not present to move a bill to amend the constitution providing for Singapore to separate from the Federation of Malaysia.
This gave Singapore independence, unusually against its own will.
Republic of Singapore The national flag along with banners, flown at Singapore gained independence as the Republic of Singapore remaining within the on 9 August 1965 with and as the first prime minister and president respectively.
Race riots in 1969.
In 1967, the country co-founded the ASEAN.
Lee Kuan Yew's emphasis on rapid economic growth, support for business entrepreneurship, and limitations on internal democracy shaped Singapore's policies for the next half-century and the country progressed to a country.
Further economic success continued through the 1980s, with the unemployment rate falling to 3% and real GDP growth averaging at about 8% up until 1999.
During the 1980s, Singapore began to upgrade to higher-technological industries, such as the sector, in order to compete with its neighbours which now had cheaper labour.
The became one of the world's busiest ports and the service and tourism industries also grew immensely during this period.
Singapore emerged as an important transportation and logistics hub and a major tourist destination.
The PAP rule is termed by some activists and opposition politicians who see the strict regulation of political and media activities by the government as an infringement on political rights.
In response, the underwent several significant political changes, by introducing the Non-Constituency members of parliament in 1984 to allow up to three losing candidates from opposition parties to be appointed as MPs.
Group Representation Constituencies GRCs were introduced in 1988 to create multi-seat electoral divisions, intended to ensure minority representation in parliament.
Nominated members of parliament were introduced in 1990 to allow non-elected non-partisan MPs.
The was amended in 1991 to provide for an who has veto power in the use of national reserves and appointments to public office.
Since self-government in 1959, Singapore has had only three Prime Ministers.
In 1990, succeeded Lee and became Singapore's second Prime Minister.
During Goh's tenure, the country went through some post-independence crises, such as the and the 2003 outbreak.
In 2004,the eldest son of Lee Kuan Yew, became the country's third Prime Minister.
Lee Hsien Loong's tenure included thethe resolution of a dispute overand the introduction of.
Despite the economy's exceptional growth, the PAP suffered its in 2011, winning 60% of votes, amidst hot-button issues of high influx of foreign workers and cost of living.
On 23 March 2015 Lee Kuan Yew died, during the 50th year of independence, declaring a one-week period of public mourning.
Subsequently, the PAP maintained its dominance in Parliament at thereceiving 69.
Government and politics is the official residence and office of the President, as well as the working office of the Prime Minister.
Singapore is a parliamentary republic with a of unicameral parliamentary government representing.
The country's establishes a as the political system.
Executive power rests with theled by the Prime Minister and, to a much lesser extent, the President.
The President is elected through a popular vote, and has veto powers over a specific set of executive decisions, such as the use of the national reserves and the appointment of judges, but otherwise occupies a largely ceremonial post.
In 2016, constitutional amendments provide for for an ethnic community in Singapore if no one from that community has been President for any of the five most recent terms of office of the President.
In 2017, was unanimously named the first female president of Singapore in the first reserved election for the Malay community, since all other candidates were declared ineligible for the election.
New and old buildings.
The occupies the 'disc' atop, representing the highest level of and a modern interpretation of the.
The Parliament serves as the of the government.
Members of Parliament MPs consist of elected, non-constituency and nominated members.
Elected MPs are voted into the Parliament on a "" plurality basis and represent either single-member or.
The People's Action Party has won control of Parliament with large majorities in every election since self-governance was secured in 1959.
The latest electionswith the PAP winning 83 of 89 seats contested with 70% of the popular vote.
The is based onbut with substantial local differences.
Singapore has penalties that include in the form ofwhich may be imposed for such offences as rape, rioting, vandalism, and certain immigration offences.
There is for murder, as well as for certain aggravated drug-trafficking and firearms offences.
The government has disputed Amnesty's claims, stating that their "position on abolition of the death penalty is by no means uncontested internationally" and that the Report contains "grave errors of facts and misrepresentations".
Singapore's judicial system is considered one of the most reliable in Asia.
Singapore has been consistently rated among the countries in the world by.
Singapore's unique combination of a strong almost authoritarian government with an emphasis on meritocracy and good governance is known as the "Singapore model", and is regarded as a key factor behind Singapore's political stability, economic growth, and harmonious social order.
In 2019, the 's Rule of Law Index ranked Singapore as 13th overall among the world's 126 countries for adherence to the.
Singapore ranked high on the factors of order and security 1absence of corruption 3regulatory enforcement 3civil justice 5and criminal justice 6but ranked significantly lower on factors of 25constraints on government powers 27and 30.
All public gatherings of five or more people require police permits, and protests may legally be held only at the.
Foreign relations Then Lee Kuan Yew and Ambassador to the US meeting with US Secretary of Defense during a visit in 2000.
Singapore's foreign policy is aimed at maintaining security in Southeast Asia and surrounding territories.
An underlying principle is political and economic stability in the region.
It has diplomatic relations with more than 180 sovereign states.
The is second in the world after Japan for visa-free travel granted by the most countries to its citizens.
As Singapore has diplomatic relations with both andand was one of the few countries that have relationships with both countries, on 12 June 2018, Singapore hosted between U.
President andthe first-ever meeting between the sitting leaders of the two nations.
The summit took place at the on the island of.
It has also hosted nepal casino in pokhara on 7 November 2015.
As one of the five founding members of ASEAN, it is a strong supporter of the AFTA and the ASEAN Investment Area, because Singapore's economy is closely linked to that of the region as a whole.
Former Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong proposed the formation of ana step beyond the current AFTA, bringing it closer to a.
This was agreed to in 2007 for implementation by 2015.
Other regional organisations are important to Singapore, and it is the host of the APEC Secretariat.
Singapore maintains membership in other regional organisations, such asthetheand the.
It is also a member of the Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth.
While Singapore is not a formal member of theit has been invited to participate in G20 processes in most years since 2010.
Prime Minister Lee met with of the United States a day before the historic held in Singapore.
In general, bilateral relations with other ASEAN members are strong; however, disagreements have arisen, and relations with neighbouring and have sometimes been strained.
Malaysia and Singapore have clashed over the delivery of to Singapore, and access by the Singapore Armed Forces to Malaysian airspace.
Border issues exist with Malaysia and Indonesia, and both have banned the sale of marine sand to Singapore over disputes about Singapore's land reclamation.
Some previous disputes, such as thehave been resolved by the.
Piracy in the has been a cause of concern for all three countries.
Close economic ties exist withand the two share a pegged currency value, through a Currency Interchangeability Agreement between the two countries which makes both and banknotes and coins legal tender in either country.
Prime Minister Lee at the 2017 in Germany.
Singapore has been invited to participate in G20 processes in most years since 2010.
The first diplomatic contact with China was made in the 1970s, with full diplomatic relations established in the 1990s.
Since then the two lco casino have been major players in strengthening the ASEAN—China relationship, and has maintained a long-standing and greatly prioritised close relationship partly due to China's growing influence and essentiality in the Asia-Pacific region, specifying that "its common interest with China is far greater than any differences".
Furthermore, Singapore has positioned itself as a strong supporter of China's constructive engagement and peaceful development in the region.
In addition, China has been Singapore's largest trading partner since 2013, after surpassing Malaysia.
Singapore and the United States share a long-standing close relationship, in particular in defence, the economy, health, and education.
Singapore has also pushed regional counter-terrorism initiatives, with a strong resolve to deal with terrorists inside its borders.
To this end, the country has stepped up co-operation with ASEAN members and China to strengthen regional security and fight terrorism, as well as participating in the organisation's first joint maritime exercise with the latter.
It has also given support to the US-led coalition to fight terrorism, with bilateral co-operation in counter-terrorism and counter-proliferation initiatives, and joint military exercises.
Military 's are variants 40 units.
Pilots also train inand the due to severe airspace constraints.
The Singaporean military is arguably the most technologically advanced in Southeast Asia.
It comprises the, and.
It is seen as the guarantor of the country's independence.
This principle translates into the culture, involving all citizens in the country's defence.
The government spends 4.
After its independence, Singapore had two regiments commanded by British officers.
This force was considered too small to provide effective security for the new country, so the development of its military forces became a priority.
Britain pulled its military out of Singapore in October 1971, leaving behind only a small British, Australian and New Zealand force as a token military presence.
The last British soldier left Singapore in March 1976.
New Zealand troops were the last to leave, in 1989.
Republic of Singapore Navy's and sailing line-abreast during.
A great deal of initial support came froma country that is not recognised by the neighbouring nations of Malaysia, Indonesia, or Brunei.
The main fear after independence was an invasion by Malaysia.
IDF commanders were tasked with creating the Singapore Armed Forces SAF from scratch, and Israeli instructors were brought in to train Singaporean soldiers.
Military courses were conducted according to the IDF's format, and Singapore adopted a system of conscription and reserve service based on model.
Singapore still maintains strong security ties with Israel and is one of the biggest buyers of Israeli arms and weapons systems.
The anti-tank weapon is one example of recent Singaporean—Israeli collaboration.
The SAF is being developed to respond to a wide range of issues, in both conventional and unconventional warfare.
The is responsible for procuring resources for the military.
The geographic restrictions of Singapore mean that source SAF must plan to fully repulse an attack, as they cannot fall back and re-group.
The small size of the population has also affected the way the SAF has been designed, with a small active force but a large number of reserves.
The building within the Singapore has for all able-bodied males at age 18, except those with a criminal record or who can prove that their loss would bring hardship to their families.
Males who have yet to complete pre-university education or are awarded the scholarship can opt to defer their draft.
Though not required to perform military service, the number of women in the SAF has been increasing: since 1989 they have been allowed to fill military vocations formerly reserved for men.
Before induction into a specific branch of the armed forces, recruits undergo at least 9 weeks of basic military training.
Because of the scarcity of open land on the main island, training involving activities such as live firing and is often carried out on smaller islands, typically barred to civilian access.
This also avoids risk to the main island and the city.
However, large-scale drills are considered too dangerous to be performed in the area, and since 1975 have been performed in Taiwan.
Training is also held in about a dozen other countries.
In general, military exercises are held with foreign forces once or twice per week.
In Afghanistan, Singapore troops were first deployed in 2007 on counter-terrorism missions as part of a multinational coalition.
Due continue reading airspace and land constraints, the Republic of Singapore Air Force RSAF maintains a number of overseas bases in Australia, the United States, and France.
The RSAF's 130 Squadron is based in, and its is based in the .
The RSAF has one squadron—the 150 Squadron—based in in southern France.
The RSAF also has a few overseas detachments in the United States, in San Diego, California,andamong others.
The SAF has sent forces to assist in operations outside the country, in areas such as andin both military and civilian roles.
In the region, it has helped stabilise and has provided aid to in Indonesia following the.
In 2014, the RSN deployed two ships, the RSS Resolute and the Tenacious to the to aid in counter efforts as part of.
The SAF also helped in relief efforts during and.
Singapore is part of thea military alliance with Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.
Human rights Main articles: and In 2018, Singapore was ranked 151st out of 180 nations by in the.
The government has restricted and and has limited other and political rights.
The right to freedom of speech and association guaranteed by is restricted by the click to see more subsection 2 of the same Article.
Singapore law dating from 1938 bans sexual relations between men.
Geography An outline of Singapore and the surrounding islands and waterways Singapore consists ofincluding the main island.
There are two-man-made connections to Johor, Malaysia: the in the north and the in the west.
The highest natural point is at 163.
Under British rule, and the were part of Singapore, but were later transferred over to in 1957.
Ongoing projects have increased Singapore's land area from 581.
The country is projected to grow to 766 km 2 300 sq mi by 2030.
Some projects involve merging smaller islands through land reclamation to form larger, more functional islands, as has been done with Jurong Island.
The type of sand used in reclamation is found in rivers and beaches, rather than deserts, and is in great demand worldwide.
In 2010 Singapore imported almost 15 million tons of sand for its projects, the demand being such that Indonesia, Malaysia, and Vietnam have all restricted or barred the export of sand to Singapore in recent years.
As a result, in 2016 Singapore switched to using — a solution — to reclamation, in which an area is enclosed and then pumped dry.
Nature Singapore Botanic Gardens is a — one of three gardens in the world, and the only tropical garden to be recognised.
Singapore's urbanisation means that it has lost 95% of its historical forests, singapore casinos map now over half of the naturally occurring and in Singapore is present in nature reserves, such as the and thewhich comprise only 0.
To combat this decline, in 1967 the government introduced the vision of making Singapore a "garden city" aiming to soften the harshness of urbanisation and improve the quality of life.
Since then, nearly 10% of Singapore's land has been set aside for parks and.
The government also has.
Singapore's well known gardens include thea 150-year-old tropical garden and Singapore's first UNESCOanda popular tourist attraction.
Climate Singapore has a : Af with no distinctive seasons, uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity, and abundant rainfall.
Since this tropical rainforest climate is more subject to the than the and are very rare, it casino natural clam equatorial.
Temperatures usually range from 25 to 35 °C 77 to 95 °F.
While temperature does not vary greatly throughout the year, there is a wetter season from November to January.
From July to October, there is often caused by in neighbouring Indonesia, usually from the island of.
Although Singapore does not observe DSTit follows the GMT+8 time zone, one hour ahead of the typical zone for its geographical location.
This has caused the sun to rise and set particularly late during January and February periods, where the sun rises at 7:20 am and sets around 7:25 pm.
During July, the sun sets at around 7:15 pm, similar to other cities at much higher latitudes such as and Tokyo.
The earliest the sun sets and rises is in October and November when the sun rises at 6:45 am and sets at 6:50 pm.
Singapore remains highly vulnerable to the risk of climate change especially with regards to the rising sea level.
Climate data for Singapore Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C °F 35.
Along with Hong Kong,andSingapore is one of the originalbut has surpassed its peers in terms of GDP per capita.
Between 1965 and 1995, growth rates averaged around 6 per cent per annum, transforming the shodakai redwood valley standards of the population.
The Singaporean economy is known as one of the freest, most innovative, most competitive, most dynamic and most business-friendly.
The ranks Singapore as the second freest economy in the world and the has also ranked Singapore as the easiest place to do business for the past decade.
According to theSingapore is consistently perceived as one of the least corrupt countries in the world, along with and the Scandinavian countries.
In 2016, Singapore is rated the world's most expensive city for the third consecutive year by the Economist Intelligence Unit.
For several years, Singapore has been one of the few countries with an AAA credit rating from theand the only Asian country to achieve this rating.
Singapore attracts a large amount of foreign investment as a result of its location, skilled workforce, low tax rates, advanced infrastructure and zero-tolerance against corruption.
Singapore has the world's eleventhand one of the highest.
There are more than 7,000 multinational corporations from the United States, Japan, and Europe in Singapore.
There are also approximately 1,500 companies from China and a similar number from India.
Roughly 44 percent of the Singaporean workforce is made up of non-Singaporeans.
Over ten have been signed with other countries and regions.
Despite market freedom, Singapore's government operations have a significant stake in the economy, contributing 22% of the GDP.
Singapore is the second-largest foreign investor in India.
It is the 14th largest exporter and the 15th largest importer in the world.
Economy Statistics Recent Years : Year 2011 To Year 2014 Sources: Year GDP Nominal Billion GDP Nominal Per Capita Billion Nominal Billion GNI Nominal Per Capita Foreign Reserves Billion Avg.
Exchange Rate 1 to 2011 346.
It is interchangeable with the at since 1967, owing to their historically close relations.
MAS manages its by allowing the Singapore dollar to rise or fall within an undisclosed trading band.
This is different from mostwhich use to manage policy.
Australian millionaire retailer and multi-billionaire Facebook co-founder are two examples of wealthy individuals who have settled in Singapore Blundy in 2013 and Saverin in 2012.
In 2009, Singapore was removed from the OCDE "liste grise" of tax havens, but ranked fourth on the 's 2015 of the world's off-shore financial service providers, banking one-eighth of the world's off-shore capital, while "providing numerous tax avoidance and evasion opportunities".
In August 2016, reported that Indonesia had decided to create tax havens on two islands near Singapore to bring Indonesian capital back into the tax base.
In October 2016, the Monetary Authority of Singapore admonished and fined and and withdrew 's banking licence for their alleged role in the Malaysian Sovereign Casinos in bandon or scandal.
Singapore has the world's highest percentage of millionaires, with one out of every six households having at least one million US dollars in disposable wealth.
This excludes property, businesses, and luxury goods, which if included would increase the number of millionaires, especially as property in Singapore is among the world's most expensive.
Singapore does not have abelieving that it would lower its competitiveness.
It also has one of the among.
Employment Main article: Singapore traditionally has one of the lowest among developed countries.
The unemployment rate did not exceed 4% from 2005 to 2014, hitting highs of 3.
The government provides numerous assistance programmes to the homeless and needy through theso acute poverty is rare.
Some of the programmes include providing between SGD400 and SGD1000 per month to needy households, providing free medical care at government hospitals, and paying for children's school fees.
Although it has been recognised that foreign workers are crucial to the country's economy, the government is considering capping these workers, as foreign workers make up 80% of the construction industry and up to 50% of the service industry.
The Immigrations and Checkpoints authority publishes a number of criteria for eligibility for permanent residence.
A view of the cityscape and anchored ships from Singapore's Eastern Anchorage off the Industry sectors Globally, Singapore is a leader in several economic sectors, including being 3rd-largest centre, 3rd-leading2nd-largest casino gambling market, 3rd-largest oil-refining and trading centre, world's largest oil-rig producer and major hub for ship repair services, world's top logistics hub.
Singapore Exports by Product 2014 The economy is diversified, with its top contributors—financial services, manufacturing, oil-refining.
Its main exports are refined petroleum, integrated circuits and computers which constituted 27% of the country's GDP in 2010, and includes significant electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, mechanical https://festes.ru/casino/casino-pocono-pa.html and biomedical sciences sectors.
In 2006, Singapore produced about 10% of the world's foundry output.
Singapore's largest companies are in the telecoms, banking, transportation and manufacturing sectors, many of which started as state-run enterprises, and has since been listed on theincluding Singtel,OCBCDBSUOB.
In 2011, amidst the global financial crisis, OCBC, DBS and UOB were ranked as the world's 1st, 5th, 6th "strongest banks in the world" respectively by Bloomberg surveys.
The nation's best known global brands includeandall three are amongst the most-awarded in their respective industry sectors.
Singapore Airlines is ranked as Asia's most-admired company, and world's 19th most-admired in 2015, by 's annual "50 most admired companies in the world" industry surveys.
It is also the world's most awarded airline, including "Best international airline", by US-based reader surveys, for 20 consecutive years.
The strategic international air hub has more than 480 "World's Best Airport" awards as of 2015and is known as the most-awarded airport in the world.
Tourism is the mythical symbol of Singapore and one of the most popular tourist attractions on the island.
To expand the sector, casinos were legalised in 2005, but only two licences for "" were issued, to control money laundering and addiction.
Singapore also promotes itself as a hub: about 200,000 foreigners seek medical care there each year.
In 2015, and listed Singapore as their top and 6th best world destination to visit respectively.
Singapore is an education hub, with more than 80,000 international students in 2006.
In 2009, 20% of all students in Singaporean universities were international students—the maximum cap allowed, a majority from ASEAN, China and India.
Infrastructure Information and communications The oversees the development ofMedia and.
Information and communications technologies ICT is one of the pillars of Singapore's economic success.
However, Singapore's casino am eisbach münchen prinzregentenstr communications networks, including television and phone networks, have long been operated by the government.
When Singapore first came online, Singaporeans could use Teleview to communicate with one another, but victoria casino with those outside of their sovereign city-state.
Publications such as The Wall Street Journal were censored.
The 'Intelligent Island' is a term used to describe Singapore in the 1990s, in reference to the island nation's early adaptive relationship with the internet.
The 's 2015 placed Singapore as the most "Tech-Ready Nation".
It is the most comprehensive survey of the pervasiveness and network-readiness of a country, in terms of market, political and regulatory infrastructure for connectivity.
Singapore has also topped 's International e-Government rankings from 2009 to 2013, and 2015.
Singapore has the world's highest penetration rates, in surveys by and Google Consumer Barometer — at 89% and 85% of the population respectively in 2014.
Overall mobile phone penetration rate is at 148 mobile phone subscribers per 100 people.
Transport continues to expand with the and a 5th Terminal by 2030.
As Singapore is a small island with a high population density, the number of private cars on the road is restricted to curb pollution and congestion.
Car buyers must pay for duties one-and-a-half times the vehicle's market value, and bid for a Singaporean COEwhich allows the car to run on the road for a decade.
The cost of the Singaporean certificate of entitlement alone would buy a in the United States.
Car prices are generally significantly higher in Singapore than in other English-speaking countries.
As with most Commonwealth countries, vehicles on the road and people walking on the streets keep to the left.
Singapore has a covering 3,356 kilometres 2,085 miwhich includes 161 kilometres 100 mi.
Theimplemented in 1975, became the world's first scheme, and included other complementary measures such as stringent car ownership quotas and improvements in mass transit.
Upgraded in 1998 and renamedthe system introducedelectronic detection, and video surveillance technology.
The world's first urban scheme.
Fully automated by in 1998.
A will replace physical gantries by 2020 Singaporean residents also travel by e-scooters, bicycles,and train or.
Two companies run the train transport system— and.
Four companies, Go-Ahead, Tower-Transit, SBS Transit and run the public buses under a 'Bus Contracting Model' where operators bid for routes.
There are sixwho together put out over 28,000 taxis on the road.
Taxis are a popular form of public transport as the fares are relatively cheap compared to many other developed countries.
Singapore is a major international in Asia, serving some of the busiest sea and air trade routes.
There are eight airports around Singapore, but besides Changi Airport, the other seven are not open to the public,and.
It has been rated one of the best international airports by international travel magazines, including being rated as the world's best airport for the first time in 2006 by.
Themanaged by port operators andwas the world's second-busiest port in 2005 in terms of shipping tonnage handled, at 1.
It is also the world's second-busiest, behind Shanghai, in terms of cargo tonnage with 423 million tons handled.
In addition, the port is the world's busiest for traffic and the world's biggest ship refuelling centre.
See also: Access to water is universal, affordable, efficient and of high quality.
Singapore relies on four main water sources, or "four national taps" - water imported from neighbouring Malaysia,and seawater.
Singapore's approach does not rely only on physical infrastructure, but it also emphasises proper legislation and enforcement, water pricing, public education as well as research and development.
Singapore has declared that it will be water self-sufficient by the time its 1961 long-term water supply agreement with Malaysia expires in 2061.
According to analysis by the in 2003, Singapore would already be water self-sufficient by 2011 and "the 'water threat' is less than what it seems to be".
However, according to official forecasts water demand in Singapore is expected to double from 380 to 760 million gallons per day between 2010 and 2060.
The increase is expected to come primarily from non-domestic water use, which accounted for 55% of water demand in 2010 and is expected to account for 70% of demand in 2060.
By that time water demand is expected to be met by reclaimed water at the tune of 50% and by desalination accounting for 30%, compared to only 20% supplied by internal catchments.
Due to the need to invest in and upgrade the water system to address concerns such as and increasing costs of producing water and maintaining water infrastructure, water prices in Singapore has been revised since 2017, its first revision since 2000.
Demographics Chinese and Malay women in Singapore, circa 1890.
To promote social cohesion between races, a unique is celebrated on 21 July every year As of mid-2018, the estimated population of Singapore was 5,638,700 people, 3,471,900 61.
According to the country's most recent census in 2010, nearly 23% of Singaporean residents i.
The same census also reports that about 74.
Prior to 2010, each person could register as a member of only one race, by default that of his or her father, therefore mixed-race persons were solely grouped article source their father's race in government censuses.
From 2010 onward, people may register using a multi-racial classification, in which they may choose one primary race and one secondary race, but no more than two.
Singapore's successful housing policies evolves with new designs.
However, due to scarcity of land, 80.
Live-in foreign are quite common in Singapore, with about 224,500 foreign domestic workers there, as of December 2013.
The median age of Singaporean residents was 40.
To overcome this problem, the Singapore government has been encouraging foreigners to immigrate to Singapore for the past few decades.
The large number of immigrants has kept Singapore's population from declining.
All male citizens and permanent residents in Singapore have a statutory requirement to undergo a period of compulsory service in the uniformed services, known as or NS for shortas well as periodic reservist duties after completion of active duty.
The next-most practised religion isfollowed by, and.
The proportion of Christians, Taoists, and non-religious people increased between 2000 and 2010 by about 3 percentage points each, whilst the proportion of Buddhists decreased.
Other faiths remained largely stable in their share of the population.
An analysis by the found Singapore to be the world's most religiously diverse nation.
There are monasteries and centres from all three major traditions of Buddhism in Singapore:, and.
Most Buddhists in Singapore are Chinese and are of the Mahayana tradition, with missionaries having come into the country from China for several decades.
However, has seen growing popularity among the populace not only the Chinese during the past decade.
The religion ofa Japanese Buddhist organisation, is practised by many people in Singapore, but mostly by those of Chinese descent.
English is the common language, and is the language of business and government, and the medium of instruction in schools.
English is the native tongue for singapore casinos map one-third of all Singaporeans, with roughly a quarter of all Singaporean Malays, a third of all Singaporean Chinese, and half of all Singaporean Indians speaking it as their native tongue.
Twenty percent of Singaporeans cannot read or write in English.
Clan associations play an important role in preserving ethnic dialects and cultural practices, particularly in here early years.
Singaporeans are mostlywith English as their common language and usually the as a second language taught in schools, in order to preserve each individual's ethnic identity and values.
The official languages amongst Singaporeans are English 80% literacyMandarin 65% literacyMalay 17% literacyand Tamil 4% literacy.
Singlish is discouraged by the government.
English is the language spoken by most Singaporeans at home, 36.
Nearly half a million speak othermainly, andas their home language, although the use of these is declining in favour of Mandarin and English.
A multilingual warning sign in Singapore's four official languages: English, Chinese, Tamil, Malay.
It has a symbolic, click to see more than functional purpose.
It is used in the national anthem "Majulah Singapura", in citations ofand in military commands.
In general, Malay is spoken mainly within the Singaporean Malay community, with only 17% of all Singaporeans literate in it and only 12% using it as their native language.
While Singaporean Malay is officially written in the Latin-basedsome Singaporean Malays still learn the Arabic-based as children alongside Rumi, and Jawi is considered an ethnic script for use on Singaporean Identity Cards.
Around 100,000 Singaporeans, or 3% of the population, speak Tamil as their native language.
Tamil has official status in Singapore and there have been no attempts to discourage the use of other Indian languages.
Education is one of six in the city-state The education system in Singapore has been noted to be one of the best in the world.
Singapore students excelled in most of the world education benchmarks in maths, science and reading.
In 2015, both its primary and secondary students rank first in global school performance rankings across 76 countries—described as the most comprehensive map of education standards.
In 2016, Singapore students topped both the PISA and the TIMSS.
In the 2015 exams taken in 107 countries, Singapore students fared best with more than half of the world's 81 perfect scorers and 98% passing rate.
In the 2016 EF English Proficiency Index taken in 72 countries, Singapore place 6th and has been the only Asian country in the top ten.
Singapore literature students have won the Angus Ross Prize by Cambridge Examinations every year since 1987 except in 2000awarded to the top A-level English literature student outside Britain, with about 12,000 international candidates.
Education for primary, secondary, and tertiary levels is mostly supported by the state.
All institutions, private and public, must be registered with the.
English is the language of instruction in all public schools, and all subjects are taught and examined in English except for the "" language paper.
While the term "mother tongue" in general refers to the first language internationally, in Singapore's education system, it is used to refer to the second language, as English is the first language.
Students who have been abroad for a while, or who struggle with their "Mother Tongue" language, are allowed to take a simpler syllabus or drop the subject.
Education takes place in three stages: primary, secondary, and pre-university education.
Only the primary level is compulsory.
Students begin with six years of primary school, which is made up of a four-year foundation course and a two-year orientation stage.
The curriculum is focused on the development of English, the mother tongue,and.
Secondary school lasts from four to five years, and is divided between Special, Express, Normal Academicand Normal Technical streams in each school, depending on a student's ability level.
The basic coursework breakdown is the same as in the primary level, although classes are much more specialised.
Pre-university education takes place over two to three years at senior schools, mostly called.
As alternatives to Pre-U education, however, courses are offered in other post-secondary education institutions, including 5 polytechnics and the institutes of technical education ITEs.
Singapore has six public universities of which the and are among the top 20 universities in the world.
National examinations are standardised across all schools, with a test taken after each stage.
After the first six years of education, students take the PSLEwhich determines their placement at secondary school.
At the end of the secondary stage, GCE or "N"-level exams are taken; at the end of the following pre-university stage, the exams are taken.
Some schools have a degree of freedom in their curriculum and are known as autonomous schools, for level and above.
Healthcare is the second largest hospital in the city, serving one million patients yearly.
Singapore has a generally efficient healthcare system, even though health expenditures are relatively low for developed countries.
The ranks Singapore's healthcare system as 6th overall in the world in its.
In general, Singapore has had the for the past two decades.
Life expectancy in Singapore is 80 for males and 85 for females, placing the countryas almost the whole population has access to improved water and facilities.
As of December 2011 and January 2013, 8,800 foreigners and 5,400 Singaporeans were respectively diagnosed with HIV, but there are fewer than 10 annual deaths from HIV per 100,000 people.
There is a high level of.
Thein its 2013 "", ranked Singapore as having the best quality of life in Asia and sixth overall in the world.
The government's healthcare system is based upon the "3M" framework.
This has three components: Medifund, which provides a safety net for those not able to otherwise afford healthcare,a compulsory national system covering about 85% of the population, and Medishield, a government-funded health insurance program.
Public hospitals in Singapore have a considerable autonomy in their management decisions, and notionally compete for patients, however they remain in government ownership and government appoints their boards and Chief Executive Officers and management reports and is responsible to these boards.
A subsidy scheme exists for those on low income.
In 2008, 32% of healthcare was funded by the government.
It accounts for approximately 3.
Culture A street market in during holidays.
In Chinese culture, red is the most auspicious colour representing good fortune and happiness.
Despite its small size, Singapore has a diversity of languages, religions, and cultures.
Former Prime Ministers of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew and Goh Chok Tong, have stated that Singapore does not fit the traditional description of a nation, calling it a society-in-transition, pointing out the fact that Singaporeans do not all speak the same language, share the same religion, or have the same customs.
Even though English is the first language of the nation, according to the 2010 census, 20% of Singaporeans are in English.
This is however an improvement from 1990, when 40% of Singaporeans were illiterate in English.
Ornate details on top of Sri Mariamman Temple in Chinatown district, Singapore's oldest Hindu temple since 1827 From 1819, it served as a trading port for British ships on their way to India.
Being a major trading hub and its close proximity to its neighbour Malaysia, Singapore was prone to many foreign influences, both from Britain and from other Asian countries.
Chinese and Indian workers moved to Singapore to work at the harbour.
The country remained a British colony until 1942.
When Singapore became independent from the United Kingdom in 1963, most Singaporean citizens were uneducated labourers from Malaysia, China and.
There was also a sizeable minority of middle-class, locally born people—known as or Baba-Nyonya—descendants of 15th- and 16th-century Chinese immigrants.
With the exception of the Peranakans who pledged their loyalties to Singapore, most of the labourers' loyalties lay with their respective homelands of Malaysia, China and India.
After independence, the government began a deliberate process of crafting a Singaporean identity and culture.
Kampong Glam was the 23-hectare home of Malay royalty from 1824.
Conserved as a historic area, it includes the and the.
Each Singaporean's behaviours and attitudes are influenced by, among other things, his or her home and his religion.
Singaporeans who speak English as their native language tend to lean towardwhile those who speak Chinese as their native language tend to lean toward and.
Malay-speaking Singaporeans tend to lean towardwhich itself is closely linked to.
Racial and religious harmony is regarded by Singaporeans as a crucial part of Singapore's success, and played a part in building a Singaporean identity.
The national flower of Singapore is the, named in memory of a Singapore-born woman, who crossbred the flower in her garden at in 1893.
Many national symbols such as the and the make use of the lion, as Singapore is known as the Lion City.
Major religious festivals are.
Singapore has a reputation as a.
The government also places heavy emphasis onwhere one is judged based on one's ability.
Arts The oversees the world's largest public collection baltimore md casino closest to Singapore and Southeast Asian art Since the 1990s when the was created to spearhead the development of performing arts, visual and literary art forms, to hasten a vibrant cosmopolitan "gateway between the East and West".
The is the nation's flagship museum with some 8,000 works of Singapore and South East Asian artists.
The focuses on contemporary art.
The Design Museum celebrates exceptional art and design of objects for everyday life, from more than 1,000 singapore casinos map from 50 countries.
The lotus-shaped host touring exhibitions that combine art with the sciences.
Other major museums include the.
Esplanade performing arts centre, fronting.
Some of the major music and dance groups include the, Literature of Singapore, or SingLit, comprises a collection of literary works by Singaporeans written chiefly in the country's four official languages:, and.
It is increasingly regarded as having four sub-literatures instead of one.
Many significant works has been translated and showcased in publications such as the literary journal Singa, published in the 1980s and 1990s with editors including andas well as in multilingual anthologies such as Rhythms: A Singaporean Millennial Anthology Of Poetry 2000in which the poems were all translated three times each into the three languages.
A number of Singaporean writers such as and have contributed work in more than one language, although such cross-linguistic fertilisation is becoming increasingly rare.
Western classical music plays a significant role in the cultural life in Singapore, with the SSO instituted in 1979.
Other notable western orchestras in Singapore include which is funded by the Ministry of Education and the community-based.
Many orchestras and ensembles are also found in secondary schools and junior colleges.
Various communities have their own distinct ethnic musical traditions: Chinese, Malays, Indians, and Eurasians.
With their traditional forms of music and various modern musical styles, the fusion of different forms account for the musical diversity in the country.
The nation's lively urban musical scene has made it a centre for international performances and festivals in the region.
Some of Singapore's best known pop singers includes,andwho is famous for composing National Day theme songs, including Home.
Cuisine Main article: Dining is said to be Singaporeans' national pastime, and even an obsession for many.
Singapore's diversity of cuisine is touted as a reason to visit the country, one of the best locations when it comes to a combination of convenience, variety, quality and price.
The city-state has a burgeoning food scene ranging from hawker centres open-aircap casino di terra courts air-conditionedcoffee shops open-air with up to a dozen hawker stallscafes, fast food, simple kitchens, casual, celebrity and high-end restaurants.
Every day, two new restaurants open in Singapore.
Many international restaurants are located within the.
Religious dietary strictures exist — Muslims do not eat pork and Hindus do not eat beef, and there is also a significant group of vegetarians.
For most events, organisers will be mindful of them and cater food that is acceptable to all or provide choices for the ethnic minorities.
The which celebrates Singapore's cuisine is held in July annually.
Hawker Centres in the midst of the financial district.
In Singapore, street food has long migrated into with communal seating areas.
Typically, these centres have a few dozen to hundreds of food stalls, with each specialising in a single or a number of related dishes.
The choices are almost overwhelming even for locals.
Although cooked late, agenda casino figueira da foz sorry that originates from or still sold on streets can be found in many countries, the variety and reach of centralised hawker centres that serve heritage street food in Singapore is unmatched elsewhere.
In 2018, there are 114 hawker centres spread across the city centre and heartland housing estates.
They are maintained by thewhich also grade each food stall for hygiene.
The largest hawker centre is located on the second floor of Chinatown Complex with over 200 stalls.
Two street food stalls in the city are the first in the world to be awarded a Michelin star each.
Local food items generally belong to a particular ethnicity — Chinese, Malay and Indian; but diversity of cuisine has increased further by the "hybridisation" of different styles e.
In hawker centres, cultural diffusion can also be noted when traditionally Malay hawker stalls also sells Tamil food.
Chinese stalls may introduce Malay ingredients, cooking techniques or entire dishes into their range of catering.
This continues to make the cuisine of Singapore significantly rich and a cultural attraction.
Sport and recreation The 's retractable roof holds the world's 'largest dome structure' record The development of private sports and recreation clubs began in the 19th century colonial Singapore, such as the Cricket Club, Singapore Recreation Club, Singapore Swimming Club, Hollandse Club and others.
Water sports are some of the most popular in Singapore.
At the 2016 Rio Olympics, won Singapore's first Olympic gold medal, claiming the 100-metre butterfly in a new Olympic record time of 50.
Three swimmers includingwere in an unprecedented three-way tie for silver.
Singapore sailors have had success on the international stage, with their team being considered among the best in the world.
Despite its size, the country has dominated swim meets in the SEA.
Its men water polo team has won the SEA Games gold medal for the 27th time in 2017, continuing Singapore sport's longest winning streak.
Three swimmers including were in a historic three-way tie for silver.
Singapore's table tennis women team here their peak as silver medalists at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
They were also world champions in 2010 when they beat China at the World Team Table Tennis Championships in Russia, breaking the latter's 19-year winning streak.
Weightlifter was Singapore's first Olympic medalist, winning a silver at the 1960 Rome Games.
Singapore's football league, thelaunched in 1996, currently comprises nine clubs, including two foreign teams.
Theformerly the Hunter Pirates in theis one of the inaugural teams in the which was founded in October 2009.
Singapore began hosting a round of thethe at the in 2008.
It was the inaugural F1 night race, and the first F1 street race in Asia.
It is considered a signature event on the F1 calendar.
Singapore hosted the inauguralin which 3,600 athletes from 204 nations competed in 26 sports.
The island is https://festes.ru/casino/casino-wien-oeffnungszeiten.html tothe biggest promotion in Asia.
Media Main article: Companies linked to the government control much of the domestic media in Singapore.
There are a total of seven free-to-air TV channels offered by Mediacorp.
Cable Vision SCV also offers cable television with channels from all around the world, and 's provides an service.
Singapore's media industry has sometimes been criticised for being overly regulated and lacking in freedom by human rights groups such as.
Self-censorship among journalists is said to be common.
In 2014, Singapore dipped to its lowest ranking ever 153rd of 180 nations on the published by the French.
The regulates Singaporean media, claiming to balance the demand for choice and protection against offensive and harmful material.
Private ownership of TV satellite dishes is banned.
In 2016, there were an estimated 4.
The Singapore government does not engage in widespread singapore casinos map of the internet, but it maintains a list of one hundred websites—mostly pornographic—that it blocks as a "symbolic statement of the Singaporean community's stand on harmful and undesirable content on the Internet".
As the block covers only home internet access, users may still visit the blocked websites from their office computers.
Total Australian casualties included 1,789 killed and 1,306 wounded.
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