🔥 The 10 biggest copper mines in the world

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Copper Facts Copper the Metal Copper Fact 1. Copper is a mineral and an element essential to our everyday lives. It is a major industrial metal because of its high ductility, malleability, thermal and electrical conductivity and resistance to corrosion. It is an essential nutrient in our daily diet.


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Porphyry Deposits: The World's Largest Source of Copper | Geology for Investors
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The major products from porphyry copper deposits are copper and molybdenum or copper and gold. The term porphyry copper now includes engineering as well as geological considerations; It refers to large, relatively low grade, epigenetic, intrusion-related deposits that can be mined using mass mining techniques.


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Continue Share Chile, the world's largest copper producing country, hosts six of the ten largest copper mines in the world, while the remaining four are located in Peru, Mexico and Indonesia.
The mine contained more than 32 million tonnes Mt of recoverable copper reserves at the end of 2012.
BHP-Billiton operates the Escondida mine, holding 57.
Other stakeholders include Rio Tinto 30%a Japanese consortium headed by Mitsubishi 10% and the International Finance Corporation 2.
The mine has been in operation since late 1990 and is currently one of the.
The reserve life of Escondida is estimated to be 54 years.
Copper concentrate is produced from sulphide ore of the mine through floatation.
The mine also produces copper cathodes from oxide and sulphide that's security deposit example useful ore.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 26.
A total 200,000t of copper was mined from the pit in 2012.
Opened in 1899, Cananea is one of the oldest open-pit mines in North America and is currently owned and operated by the Southern Copper Corporation SCCa subsidiary of Grupo Mexico.
The mine extracts the porphyry copper deposit lying within the southern Cordilleran region.
The ore is refined at an on-site concentrator, which has a milling capacity of 77,000 tonnes per day tpd.
The concentrate output is transported source the smelter at La Caridad by rail.
Related suppliers: Collahuasi copper mine 180km south-east of the port of Iquique in northern Chile ranks as the freebingo no deposit required largest copper mine in the world.
Proven and probable copper reserves of the open-pit mine as of December 2012 stood at 25.
The mine produced 282,096t of copper in 2012, accounting for 5.
Collahuasi copper mine is owned and operated by Compañía Minera Doña Inés de Collahuasi, a joint venture between Anglo American 44%Xstrata 44% and a consortium of Japanese companies led by Mitsui 12%.
The mine produced 245,288t of copper concentrates and 36,808t of copper cathodes in 2012.
It has been in operation since 1999.
It exploits three mineral deposits, namely Rosario, Ujina and Huinquintipa, in the Pica municipal district of Tarapacá Region.
The mine life is 70 years.
Andina, Chile Located 80km north-east of Santiago in northern Chile, the Andina copper mine is the fourth biggest copper mine in the world by reserve.
The mine was estimated to contain 18.
The copper deposit was discovered in 1920 and mining operations began copper deposits worldwide 1970.
The Andina mining operation consists of Río Blanco underground mine and the Sur Sur open pit mine exploiting the Río Blanco deposit.
The mine produced 249,861t of fine copper and molybdenum in 2012.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 17.
Southern Copper Corporation SCCa subsidiary of Grupo Mexico, owns and operates the mine.
Toquepala produced about 152,000t of copper in 2012, including 120,000t of copper concentrates and 32,000t of copper cathodes.
Ore is extracted from the Toquepala porphyry copper deposit located in the southern-most Andes Mountains of Peru.
The extracted ore is refined at an on-site concentrator with a milling capacity of 60,000tpd.
The concentrate output is transported to the smelter at Ilo by rail.
Toquepala also has a solvent extraction and electro-winning SXEW facility, which has a copper cathode production capacity of 56,000 tonnes per year tpa.
It is also the largest underground copper mine in the world.
El Teniente was estimated to contain 15.
Mining activities at El Teniente started in 1904.
Codelco owns and operates the mine.
Kennecott Copper Corporation was the operator before Codelco came copper deposits worldwide being in 1976.
The copper products of El Teniente include fire refined lingots RAF and copper cathodes.
The mine has its own smelter near the site and produces more than 400,000t of fine copper a year.
The production in 2012 included 417,244t of fine copper and molybdenum.
An expansion project called the New Mine Level project is under development to access the ore located deeper down at El Teniente.
The project, expected to be operational in 2017, is hoped to extend the mine life by 50 years.
Cerro Verde, Peru Cerro Verde copper mine, located 20 miles south-west of Arequipa in Peru, is the seventh largest copper mine in the world.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 12.
It produced 270,000t of copper in 2012.
The Cerro Verde copper mining complex includes a concentrator facility with ore milling capacity of 120,000tpd and a solvent extraction and electro-winning SXEW facility.
A large-scale expansion plan is underway to raise the concentrator capacity up to 360,000tpd by 2016.
Cerro Verde has been operational since 1976.
Freeport-McMoRan FCXholding a 53.
Other stakeholders of the mine include SMM Cerro Verde Netherlands, a subsidiary of Sumitomo Metal 21%Copper deposits worldwide de Minas Buenaventura 19.
The Radomiro Tomic copper mine is located in the Atacama Desert of Have deposit interest calculator something Chile and is the eighth largest copper mine in the world.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 12.
The porphyry copper deposit was discovered in 1952 and has been operational since 1998.
It is the first mine to be developed entirely by the state-owned Codelco and produced 427,791t of copper and molybdenum in 2012.
A crushing system was installed as part of this phase, to haul up to 100,000t of sulphide ore per day from the Radomiro Tomic mine to the concentrator plant located at Chuquicamata.
The open-cut mine was estimated to contain 11.
It produced 365,300t of copper in 2012.
Anglo American, holding a 50.
The mine has been in operation for more than 150 years.
The remaining mine life is extendable beyond 30 years.
Los Bronces ramped up to full production in 2012 following the completion of a major expansion project in 2011.
The mine produces both copper deposits worldwide concentrates and cathodes.
Higher grade ore is milled onsite and sent in slurry form via a 52km pipeline to the Las Tórtolas flotation plant.
Low grade ore is processed at the solvent extraction and electrowinning SXEW facility for the production of cathodes.
The mine produced 315,246t of copper in 2012.
Grasberg is also the by reserve.
The Grasberg mineral deposit was discovered in 1988.
Open-pit mining operation started in 1990.
Mining at the Grasberg open-pit, which is one copper deposits worldwide theis expected to continue up to 2016.
PTFI holds a 90.
The Government of Indonesia holds the rest, representin a 9.
Freeport Indonesia PTFIa subsidiary of Freeport-McMoRan FCXoperates the mine.
Rio Tinto also has a sharing agreement with FCX in the mining operation.
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Until the development of the modern copper mining process, it was typically a byproduct of mining for other metals. The deposits that contain the largest quantities of copper are called porphyry deposits, and the process of extracting it usually involves drilling an open pit into a layer of sedimentary rock. How Copper Forms in the Earth


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The World's 20 Largest Copper Mines
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The 10 biggest copper mines in the world
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Updated June 25, 2019 The world's 20 largest copper mines produce nearly 9 million metric tons of the precious metal a year, about 40 percent of the world's total mine capacity.
Chile and Peru, alone, account for about half of the copper mines on this list, but the U.
Copper is expensive to mine and refine.
The high costs of financing a major mine are reflected in the fact that seven of the top ten mines are jointly owned by major mining corporations.
Despite the high costs of production, copper mines still account for about 80 percent of total refined copper production annually.
The remaining 20 percent comes from recycled scrap sources.
The list below is compiled from the 's Euromoon no deposit Copper Factbook 2017.
Beside each mine's name are the country that it is located in and its annual production capacity in kilotons.
A metric ton is equal to about 2,200 pounds.
A metric kiloton kt is 1,000 metric tons.
The massive Escondida mine accounts for 5 percent of total global copper mine production.
Gold and silver are extracted as by-products from the ore.
Operated by PT Freeport Indonesia Co.
Operated by Freeport McMoRan, the mine is jointly owned by the company 85 percent and Sumitomo Affiliates 15 percent.
Morenci opened for operation in 1872 and is now made up of three mining pits.
The open-pit mine contains 27 million metric tons of copper reserve.
Opened in 1899, Cananea is one of the oldest open-pit mines in North America and is currently owned and operated by the Southern Copper Corporation SCCa subsidiary of Grupo Mexico.
Cerro Copper deposits worldwide copper mine, located 20 miles southwest of Arequipa in Peru, is the seventh-largest copper mine in the world.
The open-pit mine contains an estimated 12.
Cerro Verde has been operational since 1976.
Freeport-McMoRan FCXholding a 53.
Other stakeholders include SMM Cerro Verde Netherlands, a subsidiary of Sumitomo Metal 21 percentCompañia de Minas Buenaventura 19.
Collahuasi mine produces copper concentrate and cathodes as well as concentrate.
Most of the concentrate produced at Collahuasi is sold to smelters in China for further refining.
Silver,molybdenum, and are also separated from the ore produced at Antamina.
Jointly owned by BHP Billiton 33.
Las Bambas has mineral reserves of 7.
The mine's operators estimate that in coming years, more than 2 million metric tons of copper will be produced in concentrate.
Mine operators had to move 75 million tons of material in 2014 before commencing mining operations.
They estimate that the Las Bambas operation will last more than 20 years since its exploration potential is considerable; only 10 percent of the property has been explored so far.
Located in Siberia, you wouldn't want to work here unless you really like the cold.
The underground mine began production in the 1930s and is a source ofgold, silver, andas well as copper.
Owned and operated byEl Teniente has been mined since the 19th century and is now comprised of more than 1,500 miles of tunnels.
Anglo American Also located in Chile, the Copper deposits worldwide Bronces mine is jointly owned by Anglo American 75.
Antofagasta Located in central Chile's Coquimbo region, the Los Pelambres mine is a joint venture between Antofagasta Plc 60 there best term deposit rate doesNippon Mining 25 percentand Mitsubishi Materials 15 percent.
With an average grade of roughly 0.
The world's largest open-pit mine, Chuquicamata has been in operation for over a century producing refined copper and molybdenum.
The open-pit mine contains an estimated 12 million metric tons of fine copper.
Fixed deposits interest />Construction of the Sentinel copper mine was completed in 2014, and the mine began producing copper in early 2015.
Ore is crushed in-pit and conveyed overland and onto a crushed ore stockpile ahead of two milling trains, each comprising a SAG mill and a single ball mill.
Each train consists copper deposits worldwide five banks of flotation cells.
Final concentrate at a grade of 24 percent copper is thickened and filtered in a concentrate handling facility.
Bingham copper deposits worldwide the "largest non-volcanic landslide in history" in 2012, according tobut rebuilt in 18 months and is again producing 280 metric kilotons of copper a year.
Six million tons of dirt had to be hauled out and new access roads built before mining resumed.
The remaining 20 percent is owned by a subsidiary of ZCCM.
The mine is located approximately 6 miles north of the town of Solwezi and 112 miles to the northwest of the Copperbelt town of Chingola.
Minera Chinalco Peru operates the Toromocho mine, located in the District of Morococha, Yauli Province, in the Junin region.
Through geological exploration, the firm's operators have found a reserve of 1,526 million metric tons of ore with an average grade of copper of 0.
BHP Olympic Dam, owned by BHP, is a uranium oxide, copper, gold, and silver mine.
Known more for its uranium—the mine has the largest known single deposit of uranium in the world—Olympic Dam also houses the planet's fourth-largest copper deposit.
Mining giant BHP said in mid-2017 that it to lay the foundation for long-term growth.
In 2015, Mutanda produced 216,100 metric tons of copper—a figure that jumped to 220 metric kilotons by 2016—and 16,500 metric tons of cobalt, more than any other mine in Congo.

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Check out World Skarn Deposits by Meinert et al (2005) starting on page 299 of the Economic Geology 100 th Anniversary Volume or the 1982 Special Issue Devoted to Skarn Deposits. The report Cu, Au, and Zn-Pb Skarn Deposits by the USGS is also comprehensive, as is this Overview of Skarn Deposits on the BC Ministry of Energy and Mines website.


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The 10 biggest copper mines in the world
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Start studying Geology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.. 1-3 places where copper deposits can be found : Americas.


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What is a Porphyry Deposit?
Porphyry Copper deposits play an important role in the global economy.
Porphyry copper deposits are known for their low grades and very high tonnage.
A porphyry is not a rock type, but rock with a particular texture.
This porphyritic rock has large feldspar crystals in a finer grained matrix.
On average these deposits can have a vertical and horizontal extent of 1-2 km and can range from tens of millions to a billion+ tons in size.
While copper is generally the dominant metal, porphyry copper deposits can contain multiple accessory metals, such as molybdenum, gold and silver.
According to the United States Geological Survey USGS click here, as copper deposits worldwide 2008, the median grade for worldwide deposits Cu-Au,Cu-only,Cu-Mo deposits were 0.
Ore Minerals Copper in these deposits generally occurs in copper-iron sulfide minerals such as chalcopyrite CuFeS 2 and bornite Cu 5FeS 4.
Brassy-yellow Chalcopyrite is the primary copper-bearing mineral in Porphyry deposits.
It can be most easily distinguished from pyrite by its consider, no deposit casino low wagering can colourful tarnish.
Over time, and depending on the local environment, weathering of the near-surface rocks and the infiltration of surface water secondary copper-bearing copper deposits worldwide may form.
Covellite CuSchalcocite Cu 2Sazurite Cu 3 CO 3 2 OH 2 and cuprite Cu 2O are examples of secondary minerals.
The striking blue-green and iridescent colours of some of these ore minerals also can serve as a useful indicator of a copper mineralization for geologists and prospectors.
How do they form?
Porphyry Copper deposits form along convergent plate margins or more specifically.
As the dense oceanic crust becomes consumed by the mantle it begins to melt.
The resulting intrusion may be further subdivided by geologists based on the chemical composition of the magma and this composition can have an influence on the exploration methods and deposit characteristics.
Calc-alkaline and alkaline porphry copper deposits are identified by the ratios of sodium and potassium to magnesium and iron in the rock.
While a discussion of these two types is beyond the scope of this article, it should be noted that the two types of magma can produce significantly different types of copper deposits.
Alkaline porphyry deposits produce small alteration footprints which makes exploration a challenge.
Calc-alkaline deposits can have very large alteration halos increasing the size of the deposit.
Magma can produce that interacts with the surrounding rocks and rises to the surface.
This hydrothermal fluid changes the chemistry of the surrounding rock either by adding new elements, or removing elements.
This addition and subtraction creates an alteration pattern within the host rocks.
The mineralogical composition of the alteration is based on the temperature and pH of the conditions from which the minerals were created.
Idealized cross-section of porphyry copper deposit formation.
Company news releases relating to copper porphyry deposits will often refer to these various alteration zones.
These includes potassic, propylitic, argillic and phyllic.
Although these zones can overlap and make understanding the deposit difficult, there is a general consensus on how these zones are related to economic mineralization.
Mapping chemical alteration of the rocks surrounding a porphyry are a useful exploration tool and can help direct geologists to the mineralized ore.
The same hydrothermal fluids that alter the rocks of copper deposits worldwide magma body may also contain dissolved metals which can be deposited within the surrounding rocks either by replacing minerals within the rock — creating disseminated or dispersed mineralization — or by forming within small fractures that develop within the rock — creating veins and smaller veinlets.
Porphyry copper deposits can also be associated with by the same volcanic complex above the deeper-seated porphyry.
If alteration occurs in carbonate-rich or volcanic rocks, then skarn mineralisation may also develop.
Exploring for Porphyry Deposits in BC, Canada The first steps to evaluating any property include determining the geologic setting, and the local geology through.
Knowing that these types of deposits form within convergent margins, helps exploration companies geographically narrow where they begin to look.
However in some cases the bedrock is overlain by several meters 10-100m of soil and glacial sediment.
In British Columbia for example, surface exploration sampling surveys such asand are common but geochemical anomalies discovered through these methods should not be heavily relied for drill targets as glaciation may have completely eroded the deposit.
In British Columbia, many economic deposits are buried under thick glacial till.
Exploration companies solve this challenge through the use of which helps to quickly determine bedrock geology.
Geophysical tools such as and are helpful in narrowing target windows, due to their disseminated, or dispersed, style of copper sulphide mineralization and the shape and size of their ore bodies.
How do we mine them?
If the pit can no longer be mined it may https://festes.ru/deposit/direct-express-deposit.html economic to continue mining underground.
If the pit can no longer be mined it may be economic to continue mining underground.
Underground mining has been and is currently being developed within some producing mines today ie.
Where are Porphyry Copper deposits found?
The majority of porphyry coppers are associated with younger 250-30 Million years ago volcanic belts around the circum-pacific plate boundary.
The biggest mines are in Chile, Utah and Indonesia.
The deposits along the Pacific coast of North and South America are associated with plate subduction while the more gold-rich deposits in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea are associated with island arc volcanism behind the subduction zone.
Located in the high plain of the Atacama Desert 1500km north of Santiago, Chile.
Chuquicamata is, one of the driest places on earth.
Operated by nationally held Codelco, Chuquicamata may have contained as much as article source million tonnes of ore and reserves and has produced 500,000 tonnes of copper and over copper deposits worldwide tonnes of molybdenum.
Plans are now to extend the life of the operation by starting continue reading mining operations in 2018.
Grasberg, Irian Jaya, Indonesia The enormous and remote Grasberg mine, is located in the western half of the island of Papua New Guinea, in the Indonesian province of Irian Jaya.
The operation has developed from the ground up with all facilities, including transport links and town infrastructure being built by the American owner Freeport Casino online no deposit Copper and Gold 67% and Rio Tinto 13%.
It was originally discovered by geologists looking for the source of the rich alluvial copper deposits worldwide deposits in the lowlands of Irian Jaya.
Reserves are estimated to include 2.
An extensive underground mine 400m below the pit bottom is being developed click the following article block caving techniques.
These terranes consist a wealth of economic deposits and continue to be actively explored today.
Below is a table outlining some of the well known deposits that are currently in production or have completed a study.
Polley 1 Imperial Metals TSX: III 0.
Milligan 2 Thompson Creek Metals TSX: TCM 0.
Sc Honors in Geological Sciences from the University of Manitoba.
His adventures as a geologist have taken him copper deposits worldwide the VMS deposits of Northern Manitoba, to the Au-Ag Epithermal and Cu-Au Alkalic Porphyry Deposits of Central and Southern British Columbia.
Greg is also the founder of Alpha Omega Radio, an aspiring composer and pianist.

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Copper is usually found in nature in association with sulfur. Pure copper metal is generally produced from a multistage process, beginning with the mining and concentrating of low-grade ores containing copper sulfide minerals, and followed by smelting and electrolytic refining to produce a pure copper cathode.


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Porphyry copper deposits of the world
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Continue Share Chile, the world's largest copper producing country, hosts six of the ten largest copper mines in the world, while the remaining four are located in Peru, Mexico and Indonesia.
The mine contained more than 32 million tonnes Mt of recoverable copper reserves at the end of 2012.
BHP-Billiton operates the Escondida mine, holding 57.
Other stakeholders include Rio Tinto 30%a Japanese copper deposits worldwide headed by Mitsubishi 10% and the International Finance Corporation 2.
The mine has been in operation since late 1990 and is currently one of the.
The reserve life of Escondida is estimated to be 54 years.
Copper concentrate is produced from sulphide ore of the mine through floatation.
The mine also produces copper cathodes from oxide and sulphide leach ore.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 26.
A total 200,000t of copper was mined from the pit in 2012.
Opened in 1899, Cananea is one of the oldest open-pit mines in North America and is currently owned and operated by the Southern Copper Corporation SCCa subsidiary of Grupo Mexico.
The mine extracts the porphyry copper deposit lying within the southern Cordilleran region.
The ore is refined at an on-site concentrator, which has a milling capacity of 77,000 tonnes per day tpd.
The concentrate output is transported to the smelter at La Caridad by rail.
Related suppliers: Collahuasi copper mine 180km south-east of the port of Iquique in northern Chile ranks as the third largest copper mine in the world.
Proven and probable copper reserves of the open-pit mine as of December 2012 stood at 25.
The mine produced 282,096t of copper in 2012, accounting for 5.
Collahuasi copper mine is owned and operated by Compañía Minera Doña Inés de Collahuasi, a joint venture between Anglo American 44%Xstrata 44% and a consortium of Japanese companies led by Mitsui 12%.
The mine produced 245,288t of copper concentrates and 36,808t of copper cathodes in 2012.
It has been in operation since 1999.
It exploits three mineral deposits, namely Rosario, Ujina and Huinquintipa, in the Pica municipal district of Tarapacá Region.
The mine life is 70 years.
Andina, Chile Located 80km north-east of Santiago copper deposits worldwide northern Chile, the Andina copper mine is the fourth biggest copper mine in the copper deposits worldwide by reserve.
The mine was estimated to contain 18.
The copper deposit was discovered in 1920 and mining operations began in 1970.
The Andina mining operation consists of Río Blanco underground mine and the Sur Sur open pit mine exploiting the Río Blanco deposit.
The mine produced 249,861t of fine copper and molybdenum in 2012.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 17.
Southern Copper Corporation SCCa subsidiary of 2 deposit payday Mexico, owns and operates the mine.
Toquepala produced about 152,000t of copper in 2012, including 120,000t of copper concentrates and 32,000t of copper cathodes.
Ore is extracted from the Toquepala porphyry copper deposit located in the southern-most Andes Mountains of Peru.
The extracted ore is refined at an on-site concentrator with a milling capacity of 60,000tpd.
The concentrate output is transported to the smelter at Ilo by rail.
Toquepala also has a solvent extraction and electro-winning SXEW facility, which has a copper cathode production capacity of 56,000 tonnes per year tpa.
It is also the largest underground copper mine in the world.
El Teniente was estimated to contain 15.
Mining activities at El Teniente started in 1904.
Codelco owns and operates the mine.
Kennecott Copper Corporation was the operator before Codelco came into being in 1976.
The copper products of El Teniente include fire refined lingots RAF and copper cathodes.
certificate of regulation dd mine has its own smelter near the site and produces more than 400,000t of fine copper a year.
The production in 2012 included 417,244t of fine copper and molybdenum.
An expansion project called the New Mine Level project is under development to access the ore located deeper down at El Teniente.
The project, expected to be operational in 2017, is hoped to extend the mine life by 50 years.
Cerro Verde, Peru Cerro Verde copper mine, located 20 miles south-west of Arequipa in Peru, is the seventh largest copper mine in the world.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 12.
It produced 270,000t of copper in 2012.
The Cerro Verde copper mining complex includes a concentrator facility with ore milling capacity of 120,000tpd and a solvent extraction and electro-winning SXEW facility.
A large-scale expansion plan is underway to raise the concentrator capacity up to 360,000tpd by 2016.
Cerro Verde has been operational since 1976.
Freeport-McMoRan FCXholding a 53.
Other stakeholders of the mine include SMM Cerro Would return deposited item you Netherlands, a subsidiary of Sumitomo Metal 21%Compañia de Minas Buenaventura 19.
The Radomiro Tomic copper mine is located in the Atacama Desert of Northern Chile and is the eighth largest copper mine in the world.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 12.
The porphyry copper deposit was discovered in 1952 and has been operational since 1998.
It is the first mine to be developed entirely by the state-owned Codelco and produced 427,791t of copper and molybdenum in 2012.
A crushing system was installed as part of this phase, to haul up to 100,000t of sulphide ore per day from the Radomiro Tomic mine to the concentrator plant located at Chuquicamata.
Related suppliers: Los Bronces copper mine 65km north-east of Santiago in the Andean Mountains of Chile is the ninth largest copper mine in the world.
The open-cut mine was estimated to contain 11.
It produced 365,300t of copper in 2012.
Anglo American, holding a 50.
The mine has been in operation for more than 150 years.
The remaining mine life is extendable beyond 30 years.
taking deposit chase forever online Bronces ramped up to copper deposits worldwide production in 2012 following the completion of a major expansion project copper deposits worldwide 2011.
The mine produces both copper concentrates and cathodes.
Higher grade ore is milled onsite and sent in slurry form via a 52km pipeline to the Las Tórtolas flotation plant.
Low grade ore is processed at the solvent extraction and electrowinning SXEW facility for the production of cathodes.
The mine produced 315,246t of copper in 2012.
Grasberg is also the by reserve.
The Grasberg mineral deposit was discovered in 1988.
Open-pit mining operation started in 1990.
Mining at the Grasberg open-pit, which is one of theis expected to continue up to 2016.
PTFI holds a 90.
The Government of Indonesia holds the rest, representin a 9.
Freeport Indonesia PTFIa subsidiary of Freeport-McMoRan FCXoperates the mine.
Rio Tinto also has a sharing agreement with FCX in the mining operation.
Based in Duisburg, allmineral Aufbereitungstechnik celebrated its 30th anniversary last year.
An industry leader in wet and dry processing technologies,….

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Copper is a base metal like nickel, zinc, aluminum, lead, etc., and is indispensable for many industries.Total global copper production from mines amounted to an estimated 19.7 million metric tons.


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The Giant Holes: Chuquicamata Copper Mine, Chile #Vendora

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Copper mineralization in the Safford (Lone Star) district has been known for over one hundred years. The San Juan, Lone Star, and Sanchez deposits were claimed in the late 1800s, and some small-scale exploration and mining took place at these three deposits in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. By about 1920, exploration and


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Porphyry copper deposits are among the world’s most valuable deposits. Here’s what investors should know about them. Approximately 50-60 percent of the world’s copper, and 95 percent of.


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Porphyry Deposits: The World's Largest Source of Copper | Geology for Investors
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Updated June 25, 2019 Copper deposits worldwide world's 20 largest copper mines produce nearly 9 million metric tons of the precious metal a year, about 40 percent of the world's total mine capacity.
Chile and Peru, alone, account for about half of the copper mines on this list, but the U.
Copper is expensive to mine and refine.
The high costs of financing a major mine are reflected in the fact that seven of the top ten mines are jointly owned by major mining corporations.
Despite the high costs of production, copper mines still account for about 80 percent of total refined copper production annually.
The remaining 20 percent comes from recycled scrap sources.
The list below is compiled from the 's World Copper Factbook 2017.
Beside each mine's name are the country that it is located in and its annual production capacity in kilotons.
A metric ton is equal to about 2,200 pounds.
A metric kiloton kt is 1,000 metric tons.
The massive Escondida mine accounts for 5 percent of total global copper mine production.
Gold and silver are extracted as by-products from the ore.
Operated by PT Freeport Indonesia Co.
Operated by Freeport McMoRan, the mine is jointly owned by the company 85 percent and Sumitomo Affiliates copper deposits worldwide percent.
Morenci opened for copper deposits worldwide in 1872 and is copper deposits worldwide made up of three mining pits.
The open-pit mine contains 27 million metric tons of copper reserve.
Opened in 1899, Cananea is one of the oldest open-pit mines in North America and is currently owned and operated by the Southern Copper Corporation SCCa subsidiary of Grupo Mexico.
Cerro Verde copper mine, located 20 miles southwest of Arequipa in Peru, is the seventh-largest copper mine in the world.
The open-pit mine contains an estimated 12.
Cerro Verde has been operational since 1976.
Freeport-McMoRan FCXholding a 53.
Other stakeholders include SMM Cerro Verde Netherlands, a subsidiary of Sumitomo Metal 21 percentCompañia de Minas Buenaventura 19.
Collahuasi mine produces copper concentrate and cathodes as well copper deposits worldwide concentrate.
Most of the concentrate produced at Collahuasi is sold to smelters in China for further refining.
Silver,molybdenum, and are also separated from the ore produced at Antamina.
Jointly owned by BHP Billiton 33.
Las Bambas has mineral reserves of 7.
The mine's operators estimate that in coming years, more than 2 million metric tons of copper will be produced in concentrate.
Mine operators had to move 75 million tons of material in 2014 before commencing mining operations.
They estimate that the Las Bambas operation will last more than 20 years since its exploration potential is considerable; only 10 percent of the property has been explored so far.
Located in Siberia, you wouldn't want to work here unless you really like the cold.
The underground mine began production in the 1930s and is a source ofgold, silver, andas well as copper.
Owned and operated byEl Teniente casino paypal deposit been mined since the 19th century and is now comprised of more than 1,500 miles of tunnels.
Anglo American Also located in Chile, the Los Bronces mine is jointly owned by Anglo American 75.
Antofagasta Located in central Chile's Coquimbo region, the Los Pelambres mine is a joint venture between Antofagasta Plc 60 term deposit interest ratesNippon Mining 25 percentand Mitsubishi Materials 15 percent.
With an average grade of roughly 0.
The world's largest open-pit mine, Chuquicamata has been in operation for over a century producing refined copper and molybdenum.
The open-pit mine contains an estimated 12 million metric tons of fine copper.
A crushing system was installed as part of this phase to haul up to 100,000 metric tons of sulfide ore per day from the mine to the concentrator plant located at Chuquicamata.
Construction of the Sentinel copper mine was completed in 2014, and the mine began producing copper in early 2015.
Ore is crushed in-pit and conveyed overland and onto a crushed ore stockpile ahead of two milling trains, each comprising a SAG mill and a single ball mill.
Each train consists of five banks of flotation cells.
Final concentrate at click at this page grade of 24 percent copper is thickened and filtered in a concentrate handling facility.
Bingham suffered the "largest non-volcanic landslide in history" in 2012, according tobut rebuilt in 18 months and is again producing copper deposits worldwide metric kilotons of copper a year.
Six million tons of dirt had to be hauled out and new access roads built before mining resumed.
The remaining 20 percent is owned by a subsidiary of ZCCM.
The mine is located approximately 6 miles north of the town of Solwezi and 112 miles to the northwest of the Copperbelt town of Chingola.
Minera Chinalco Peru operates the Toromocho mine, located in the District of Morococha, Yauli Province, in the Junin region.
Through geological exploration, the firm's operators have found a reserve of 1,526 million metric tons of ore with an average grade of copper of 0.
BHP Olympic Dam, owned by BHP, is a uranium oxide, copper, gold, and silver mine.
Known more for its uranium—the mine has the largest known single deposit of uranium in the world—Olympic Dam also houses the planet's fourth-largest copper deposit.
Mining giant BHP said in mid-2017 that copper deposits worldwide to lay the foundation for long-term growth.
In 2015, Mutanda produced 216,100 metric tons of copper—a figure that jumped to 220 metric kilotons by 2016—and 16,500 metric tons of cobalt, more than any other mine in Congo.

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Today, we present the world’s Top 10 producing Gold Mines. Compiling them was not easy because there are a few ways they can be ranked. A top 10 list can by compiled by annual production, or by.


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Continue Share Chile, the world's largest copper producing country, hosts six of the ten largest copper mines in the world, while the remaining four are located in Peru, Mexico and Indonesia.
The mine contained more than 32 million tonnes Mt of recoverable copper reserves at the end of 2012.
BHP-Billiton operates the Escondida mine, holding 57.
Other stakeholders include Rio Tinto 30%a Japanese consortium headed by Mitsubishi 10% and the International Finance Corporation 2.
The mine has been in operation since late 1990 and is currently one of the.
The reserve life of Escondida is estimated to be 54 years.
Copper concentrate is produced from sulphide ore of the mine through floatation.
The mine also produces copper cathodes from oxide and sulphide leach ore.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 26.
A total 200,000t of copper was mined from the pit in 2012.
Opened in 1899, Cananea is one of the oldest open-pit mines in North America and is currently owned and operated by the Southern Copper Corporation SCCa subsidiary of Grupo Mexico.
The mine extracts the porphyry copper deposit lying within the southern Cordilleran region.
The ore is refined at an on-site concentrator, which has a milling capacity of 77,000 tonnes per day tpd.
The concentrate output is transported to the smelter at La Caridad by rail.
Related suppliers: Collahuasi copper mine 180km south-east of the port of Iquique in northern Chile ranks as the third largest copper mine in the world.
Proven and probable copper reserves of the open-pit mine as of December 2012 stood at 25.
The mine produced 282,096t of copper in 2012, accounting for 5.
https://festes.ru/deposit/chase-online-deposit-taking-forever.html copper mine is owned and operated by Compañía Minera Doña Inés de Collahuasi, a joint venture between Anglo American 44%Xstrata 44% and a consortium of Japanese companies led by Mitsui 12%.
The mine produced 245,288t of copper concentrates and 36,808t of copper cathodes in 2012.
It has been in operation since 1999.
It exploits three mineral deposits, namely Rosario, Ujina and Huinquintipa, in the Pica municipal district of Tarapacá Region.
The mine life is 70 years.
Andina, Chile Located copper deposits worldwide north-east of Santiago in northern Chile, the Andina copper mine is the fourth biggest copper mine in the world by reserve.
The mine was estimated to contain 18.
The copper deposit was discovered in 1920 and mining operations began in 1970.
The Andina mining operation consists of Río Blanco underground mine and the Sur Sur open pit mine exploiting the Río Blanco deposit.
The mine produced 249,861t of fine copper and molybdenum copper deposits worldwide 2012.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 17.
Southern Copper Corporation SCCa subsidiary of Grupo Mexico, owns and operates the mine.
Toquepala produced about 152,000t of copper in 2012, including 120,000t of copper concentrates and 32,000t of copper cathodes.
Ore is extracted from the Toquepala porphyry copper deposit located in the southern-most Andes Mountains of Peru.
The extracted ore is refined check this out an on-site concentrator with a milling capacity of 60,000tpd.
The concentrate output is transported to the smelter at Ilo by rail.
Toquepala also has a solvent extraction and electro-winning SXEW facility, which has a copper cathode production capacity of 56,000 tonnes per year tpa.
It is also the largest underground copper mine in the world.
El Teniente was estimated to contain 15.
Mining activities at El Teniente started in 1904.
Codelco owns and operates the mine.
Kennecott Copper Corporation was the operator before Codelco came into being in 1976.
The copper products copper deposits worldwide El Copper deposits worldwide include fire refined lingots RAF and copper cathodes.
The mine has its own smelter near the site and produces more than 400,000t of fine copper a year.
The production in 2012 included 417,244t of fine copper and molybdenum.
An expansion project called the New Mine Level project is under development to access the ore located deeper down at El Teniente.
The project, expected to be operational in copper deposits worldwide, is hoped to extend the mine life by 50 years.
Cerro Verde, Peru Cerro Verde copper mine, located 20 miles south-west of Arequipa in Peru, is the seventh largest copper mine in click here world.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 12.
It produced 270,000t of copper in 2012.
The Cerro Verde copper mining complex includes a concentrator facility with ore milling capacity of 120,000tpd and a solvent extraction and electro-winning SXEW facility.
A large-scale expansion plan is underway to raise the concentrator capacity up to 360,000tpd by 2016.
Cerro Verde has been operational since 1976.
Freeport-McMoRan FCXholding a 53.
Other stakeholders of the mine include SMM Cerro Verde Netherlands, a subsidiary of Sumitomo Metal 21% copper deposits worldwide, Compañia de Minas Buenaventura 19.
The Radomiro Tomic copper mine is located in the Atacama Desert of Northern Chile and is the eighth largest copper mine in the world.
The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 12.
The porphyry copper deposit was discovered in 1952 and has been operational since 1998.
It is the first mine to be developed entirely by the state-owned Codelco and produced 427,791t of copper and molybdenum in 2012.
A https://festes.ru/deposit/australia-term-deposit-interest-rates.html system was installed as part of this phase, to haul up to 100,000t of sulphide ore per day from the Radomiro Tomic mine to the concentrator plant located at Chuquicamata.
Related suppliers: Los Bronces copper mine 65km north-east of Santiago in the Andean Mountains of Chile is the ninth largest copper mine in the world.
The open-cut mine was estimated to contain 11.
It produced 365,300t of copper in 2012.
Anglo American, holding a 50.
The mine has been in operation for more than 150 years.
The remaining mine life is extendable beyond 30 years.
Los Bronces ramped up to full production in 2012 following the completion of a major expansion project in 2011.
The mine produces both copper concentrates and cathodes.
Higher grade ore is milled onsite and sent in slurry form via a 52km pipeline to the Las Tórtolas flotation plant.
Low grade ore is processed at the solvent extraction and electrowinning SXEW facility for the production of cathodes.
The mine produced 315,246t of copper in 2012.
Grasberg is also the by reserve.
The Grasberg mineral deposit was discovered in 1988.
Open-pit mining operation started in 1990.
Mining at the Grasberg open-pit, which is one of theis expected to continue up to 2016.
PTFI holds a 90.
The Government of Indonesia holds the rest, representin a 9.
Freeport Indonesia Visit web pagea subsidiary of Freeport-McMoRan FCXoperates the mine.
Rio Tinto also has a sharing agreement with FCX in the mining operation.
Based in Duisburg, allmineral Aufbereitungstechnik celebrated its 30th anniversary last year.
An industry leader in wet and copper deposits worldwide processing technologies,….

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Locations and characteristics of sediment-hosted copper deposits worldwide Source: Sediment-hosted copper deposits of the world. View in Advanced Viewer


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Porphyry copper deposits of the world
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Chile, the world's largest copper producing country, hosts six of the ten largest copper mines in the world, while the remaining four are located in Peru, Mexico and Indonesia. Mining-technology.com profiles the ten biggest copper mines in the world, based on contained reserves. Escondida copper.


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Porphyry copper deposits of the world
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Porphyry Deposits: The World's Largest Source of Copper | Geology for Investors
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The Giant Holes: Chuquicamata Copper Mine, Chile #Vendora

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Copper is a base metal like nickel, zinc, aluminum, lead, etc., and is indispensable for many industries.Total global copper production from mines amounted to an estimated 19.7 million metric tons.


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Updated June 25, 2019 The world's 20 largest copper mines produce nearly 9 million metric tons of the precious metal a year, about 40 percent of the world's total mine capacity.
Chile and Peru, alone, account for about half of copper deposits worldwide copper mines on this list, but the U.
Copper is expensive to mine and refine.
The high costs of financing a major mine are reflected in the fact that seven of the top ten mines are jointly owned by major mining corporations.
Despite the high costs of production, copper mines still account for about 80 percent of total refined copper production annually.
The remaining 20 percent of no deposit casinos from recycled scrap sources.
The list below is compiled from the 's World Copper Factbook 2017.
Beside each mine's name are the country that it is located in and its annual production capacity in kilotons.
A metric ton is equal to about 2,200 pounds.
A metric kiloton kt is 1,000 metric tons.
The massive Escondida mine accounts for 5 percent of total global copper mine production.
Gold and silver are pet deposit agreement as by-products from the ore.
Operated by PT Freeport Indonesia Co.
Operated by Freeport McMoRan, the mine is jointly owned by the company 85 percent and Sumitomo Copper deposits worldwide 15 percent.
Morenci opened for operation in 1872 and is now made up of three mining pits.
The open-pit https://festes.ru/deposit/marriott-room-deposit.html contains 27 million metric tons of copper reserve.
Opened in 1899, Cananea is one of the oldest open-pit mines in North America and is currently owned and operated by the Southern Copper Corporation SCCa subsidiary of Grupo Mexico.
Cerro Verde copper mine, located 20 miles southwest of Arequipa copper deposits worldwide Peru, is the seventh-largest copper mine in the world.
The open-pit mine contains an estimated 12.
Cerro Verde has been operational since 1976.
Freeport-McMoRan FCXholding a 53.
Other stakeholders include SMM Cerro Verde Netherlands, a subsidiary of Sumitomo Metal 21 percentCompañia de Minas Buenaventura copper deposits worldwide />Collahuasi mine produces copper concentrate and cathodes as well as concentrate.
Most of the concentrate produced at Collahuasi is sold to smelters in China for further refining.
Silver,molybdenum, and are also separated from the ore produced at Antamina.
Jointly owned by BHP Billiton 33.
Las Bambas has mineral reserves of 7.
The mine's operators estimate that in coming years, more than 2 million metric tons of copper will be produced in concentrate.
Mine operators had to move 75 million tons of material in 2014 before commencing mining operations.
They estimate that the Las Bambas operation will last more than 20 years since its exploration potential is considerable; only 10 percent of the property has been explored so far.
Located in Siberia, you wouldn't want to work here unless you really like the cold.
The underground mine began production in the 1930s and is a source ofgold, silver, andas well as copper.
Owned and operated byEl Teniente has been mined since the 19th century and is now comprised of more than 1,500 miles of tunnels.
Anglo American Also located in Chile, the Los Bronces mine is jointly owned by Anglo American 75.
Antofagasta Located in central Chile's Coquimbo region, the Los Pelambres copper deposits worldwide is a joint venture between Antofagasta Plc 60 percentNippon Mining 25 percentand Mitsubishi Materials 15 percent.
With an average grade of roughly copper deposits worldwide />The world's largest open-pit mine, Chuquicamata has been in operation for over a century producing refined copper and molybdenum.
The open-pit mine contains an estimated 12 million metric tons of fine copper.
A crushing system was installed as part of this phase to haul up to 100,000 metric tons of sulfide ore per day from the mine to the concentrator plant located at Chuquicamata.
Construction more info the Sentinel copper mine was completed in 2014, and the mine began producing copper in early 2015.
Ore is crushed in-pit and conveyed overland and onto a crushed ore stockpile ahead of two milling trains, each comprising a SAG mill and a single ball mill.
Each train consists of five banks of flotation cells.
Final concentrate at a grade of 24 percent copper is thickened and filtered in a concentrate handling facility.
Bingham suffered the "largest non-volcanic landslide in history" in 2012, according tobut rebuilt in 18 months and is again producing 280 metric kilotons of copper a year.
Six million tons of dirt had to be hauled out and new access roads built before mining resumed.
The remaining 20 percent is owned by a subsidiary of ZCCM.
The mine is located approximately 6 miles north of the town of Solwezi and 112 miles to the northwest of the Copperbelt town of Chingola.
Minera Chinalco Peru operates the Toromocho mine, located in the District of Morococha, Yauli Province, in the Junin region.
Through geological exploration, the firm's operators have found a reserve of 1,526 million metric tons of ore with an average grade of copper of 0.
BHP Olympic Dam, owned by BHP, is a uranium oxide, copper, gold, and silver mine.
Known more for its uranium—the mine has the largest known single deposit of uranium in the world—Olympic Dam also houses the planet's fourth-largest copper deposit.
Mining giant BHP said in mid-2017 that it to lay the foundation for long-term growth.
In 2015, Mutanda produced 216,100 metric tons of copper—a figure that jumped to 220 metric kilotons by 2016—and 16,500 metric tons of cobalt, more than any other mine in Congo.

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The results of the assessment indicate that a mean of at least 3,500 million metric tons (Mt) of undiscovered copper associated with these deposit types may exist worldwide, exceeding the 2,100 Mt of identified copper resources tabulated for these deposit types.Porphyry copper deposits contain 1,800 Mt of identified copper resources and are.


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Bingham Canyon Copper Mine

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although there are important older examples. In their worldwide database of porphyry copper deposits, Singer and others (2008) tabulated known or inferred ages for each tabulated deposit. Relations to Structures It is generally accepted that porphyry copper deposits are structurally controlled, but opinions vary as to the relative impor-


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Inside the Resolution Copper Mine, 1.3 Miles Underground

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Chile, the world's largest copper producing country, hosts six of the ten largest copper mines in the world, while the remaining four are located in Peru, Mexico and Indonesia. Mining-technology.com profiles the ten biggest copper mines in the world, based on contained reserves. Escondida copper.


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BHP to invest in world's largest copper mine